Results: 224

For: oral and maxillofacial surgery

Alveolar ridge preservation techniques

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16 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review update of the effectiveness of techniques for alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) following dental extractions prior to implant placement. The findings suggest that ARP techniques may minimise the overall changes in residual ridge height and width six months after extraction, but the evidence is very uncertain

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Dentigerous cysts and tooth eruption

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This review of factors influencing eruption of teeth associated with dentigerous cysts only included 4 small single-centre retrospective studies providing very low certainty evidence.

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Osteoradionecrosis incidence and the timing of dental extractions

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This review of whether the incidence of osteoradionecrosis differed between patients who have dental extractions before or after radiotherapy (RT) included 24 studies (19 retrospective 5 prospective). While the findings suggest that the incidence is similar if extractions are undertaken before or after RT the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Facial trauma in motorcyclists and helmet use

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This review of whether helmet use and the type of helmet reduce facial fractures in motorcycle accidents included • 26 cross-sectional studies involving 68,594 patients. The findings suggest fewer upper and mid-face fracture in helment wearers.

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Third molar surgery: Does low-level laser therapy reduce post-operative morbidity?

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This review of whether low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is effective in reducing postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing surgical removal of mandibular third molars included 17 RCTs. The findings suggest a reduction in post-operative swelling but not pain or trismus.

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Tooth extraction: Do antibiotics prevent complications?

The authors sought to review available literature relating to SSRI withdrawal syndromes

This Cochrane review update of the effect of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis on the prevention of infectious complications following tooth extractions included 23 studies. There was very-low certainty evidence that prophylactic antibiotics may reduce the risk of infection and dry socket following third molar extraction compared to placebo.

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Articaine local anaesthesia and the risk of hyperaesthesia in third molar surgery

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This review of the risk of hyperaesthesia with articaine compared with other local anaesthetics in lower alveolar nerve block for lower third molar removal included 13 studies.The findings suggest that the use of articaine does not increase the risk of hyperaesthesia.

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Third molar extractions: Which anaesthetic solution for the best pain control?

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This review of the effectiveness of different anaesthetic solutions for pain control immediately after the extraction of lower third molars included 45 studies.13 studies were included in a network meta-analys whch suggested 5% bupivacaine reduces pain in patients during and immediately after the removal of lower third molars.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Jul – Sep 2020

The Dental Elf

Our most popular blogs in July August and September covered periodontal surgery, Interproximal caries detection and local anaesthesia for inferior alveolar nerve blocks.

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Top Dental Elf Blogs: Jan – Mar 2020

The Dental Elf

Our most popular blogs from January, February and March 2020 were about the FiCTION trial, local anaesthesia and factors associated with third molar surgical difficulty.

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