Dental implant placement into fresh extraction sockets

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Mark-Steven Howe considers this review of dental implants placed into fresh extraction socket. While 30 studies were included in the review he looks closely at the 3 studies with the longest follow up.

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Dental implants: survival rates in patients with osteoporosis

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15 observational studies were included in this review of implant survival in patients with osteoporosis. while the findings suggest no difference compared to healthy patients the quality of the included studies is low so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Complete overdentures retained by mini implants.

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Mark-Steven Howe looks at a review of complete overdentures supported on mini-implants. Although 24 studies are included the majority are small and short term so while good overall overdenture survival was seen the results should be interpreted with caution.

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Dental Implant survival in patients with aggressive periodontitis

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7 prospective cohort studies were included in this review of dental implant survival in patients with periodontitis. Patients with aggressive periodontitis has statistically significant lower survival rates at 3 years but the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Dental Implants: microthreads in crestal area and marginal bone loss.

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This review of the effect of microthreads on marginal bone loss around implants identified 5 small RCTs with relatively short follow up times. While a beneficial effect was noted the clinical relevance will require more high quality studies with longer follow up period to determine.

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Intrusive luxation in permanent teeth

PDS scores at follow up showed gains were maintained

This review of treatments for teeth with intrusive luxation included 8 studies. The studies were all considered to be at high risk of bias and suggested that spontaneous re-eruption should be the treatment of choice. However the small number of studies and limited quality means these findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Dental implants: survival rates of turned and anodised-surface dental implants

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38 studies were included in this review comparing survival rates of turned and anodised-surface dental implants. The findings suggest that turned implants have a higher failure rate but the evidence is limited as the review includes a substantial proportion of retrospective studies.

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Short dental implants show similar outcomes to standard implants in short term

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13 studies (10 RCTs, 3 prospective) were included in this review comparing the outcomes of short and standard dental implants. No difference were seen in studies lasting up to 5 years.

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Narrow dental implants – good survival at 2 years suggests review

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This review of narrow titanium–zirconium alloy (Ti–Zr) implants included 9 studies ( 2 RCTs) which suggest good survival rates (>95%) after 2 years.

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