Pulpotomy v root canal treatment in permanent teeth

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This review of pulpotomy ( partial or full) v root canal treatment (RoCT) in permanent teeth with pulpitis included 2 RCTs involving 957 teeth. The findings suggests no difference in pain at 7 days or in success rates at 1 and 5 years but the evidence is limited.

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Locking taper dental implant – abutment connections

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This review of the clinical performance and complications of single crowns retained by the locking taper system included 12 studies. The findings indicate that the locking taper system had similar performance to the conventional Morse taper system although none of teh studies included direct comparisons.

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Deep caries removal – Selective or stepwise?

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This review comparing stepwise removal (SWR) and selective removal (SCR) of deep carious lesions in primary and permanent teeth included 9 RCTs. The findings suggest that SCR may be more succesful than SWR but they should be interpreted cautiously because of the limited number of studies for some outcomes.

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Deep caries management for immature permanent teeth

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This review of techniques and materials used for the management of deep caries in immature permanent teeth included 12 RCT papers. The findings suggest high success rates for pulpotomy, but only a small number of papers were available for other techniques.

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Primary root canal treatment success rates

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Thiis review of the outcomes of primary root canal treatment (RoCT) in studies published since 2003 included 42 studies (15 RCTs, 14 prospective cohorts and 13 retrospective studies. While pooled success rates were high the quality of the included studies was limited and the studies were conducted in an academic or private practice environment.

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Additives to lidocaine and the success of the inferior alveolar nerve block

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This review of the effect of additives incorporated into lidocaine solution on the success of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) included 12 RCTs. The findings suggest that additives did not improve the success rate of IANB but the evidence is of low to very low certainty.

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Irreversible pulpitis: Do larger volumes of local anaesthetic improve success of inferior alveolar nerve blocks?

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This review of the efficacy of 1.8 and 3.6 mL of the same anaesthetic solution for inferior alveolar nerve blocks (IANBs) for treating mandibular teeth with irreversible pulpitis included 4 RCTs (280 teeth). The findings show arger volumes of local anaesthetic solutions significantly increase the success rate of IANBs.

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Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART)- factors affecting success rate

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This review of the factors that affect the success rate of atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) restorations in children included 47 studies. THe findings suggest that the operator and and type of restoration are significant factors influencing the success.

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Direct pulp capping in permanent teeth

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This review the outcome of direct pulp capping (DPC) in mature permanent teeth with a cariously exposed pulp and a clinical diagnosis of reversible pulpitis included 14 studies. The findings suggest that direct pulp capping is generally a clinically effective procedure in teeeth with reversible pulpitis.

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Endodontic microsurgery

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This review of the clinical and radiographic long-term outcome of endodontic microsurgery in teeth diagnosed with secondary apical periodontitis included 10 studies suggesting an overall success rate ranging from 69-93%.

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