Periodontal regeneration therapies: Are benefits long-term?

gum disease, scale and polish

This review of periodontal regeneration therapies included 52 trials. While the results suggest some statistically significant improvements they may not be clinically important. There is also limited data for outcomes longer than 12 months.

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Short dental implants for the atrophic posterior mandible?

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The main aim of this systematic review is to look at implant based restorative options for restoring the atrophic posterior mandible using osseointegrated dental implants. The atrophic posterior mandible is defined here as having a residual ridge height of 8mm from the inferior dental nerve to the crest of the ridge. The two options considered [read the full story…]

Sinus lift with dental implants: to graft or not to graft

Dilemma

The Scottish Dental Registrars on a recent review of dental implants combined with sinus augmentation (sinus lift): what is the merit of bone grafting?

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Review suggests that via socket filling with a bone graft can help preserve alveolar ridge

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Vertical and horizontal alveolar bone loss follows tooth removal. Maintaining good alveolar ridges has an impact on future treatment options. As a consequence a range of approaches have been investigated with a view to ridge preservation. The aim of this review was to determine the effect of socket grafting to prevent post-extraction ridge volume loss [read the full story…]

Only weak evidence available of the impact of smoking on survival of implants placed in augmented areas of maxillary sinus

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Grafting to augment the floor of the maxillary sinus prior to placement of dental implants in the resorbed maxillary is an increasingly used technique. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effects of smoking on the survival rate of dental implants placed in areas of maxillary sinus floor augmentation. Searches were conducted in [read the full story…]

Bone substitutes with autogenous bone show similar short term results to autogenous bone alone for maxillary sinus floor elevation

shutterstock_5410882 dentist x-ray

Maxillary sinus floor elevation is commonly performed to create sufficient bone fraction to enable the placement of dental implants. The aim of this review was to assess the bone fraction and implant survival rate and to determine whether the bone fraction is affected by the grafting material or growth factor applied. The Medline and the [read the full story…]

Limited evidence for use of bone substitutes in treating jaw cysts

shutterstock_51359269 dentist and patient looking at x-ray

Jaw cysts are common in the maxillofacial area. Enucleation of the cyst and primary watertight closure has been a preferred approach but in recent decades a range of agents have been used. The aim of this review was to compare  the outcomes of simple enucleation and closure in comparison to the use of bone substitutes. [read the full story…]

Alveolar bone grafts for children with cleft lip and palate

cleftlip

About 75% of cleft lip and palate patients have a bony defect in the gum of the mouth (alveolar cleft). If not repaired it gives rise to many problems. While bone grafting is widely accepted by professionals in cleft care, there is still controversy around the technique, timing, site from which bone is taken and [read the full story…]