Radiotherapy and dental implant survival

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This review assessing the effect of radiotherapy on the survival of dental implants in patients with head and neck cancer included 7 studies involving a total of 441 patients. implant survival rate was lower in irradiated patients with odds ratio = 4.77 (95%CI; 2.57 to 8.89) based on 4 studies.

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Pulp survival after tooth fracture

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This review assessing factors related to pulp survival after tooth fracture included 24 studies (4 RCTs, 6 prospective cohort studies, 12 retrospective cohorts, and 2 case-control studies). However the available evidence is overall of very low certainty.

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Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2

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Manas Dave summarises a recent study on the stability of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV-1 in aerosols. The findings show that the virus remains viable and survives on a number of different surfaces.

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Elective neck dissection versus observation for T1-2 oral squamous cell carcinoma

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Manas Dave looks at a review of elective neck dissection (END) versus observation for the management of T1-2 oral squamous cell carcinoma. The review included 41 studies only 5 were RCTs the remainder being retrospective studies.

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Mouth and throat cancer: evidence for best surgical approaches uncertain

Bariatric surgery and marked weight loss is likely to improve knee complaints but there is a need for high quality studies

12 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review update of surgical approches for the management of oral and pharyngeal cancer. The certaintly of the evidence was very low as there were limited numbers of studies for each comparison.

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Post-retained single crowns performance linked to amount of coronal structure

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This review of post-retained crowns on endodontically treated teeth included 9 RCTs. Findings suggest that that the number of remaining coronal walls and the use of posts are key factors for the success/ survival of these restorations. However the quality of the available evidence is low.

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Dental Implant survival in patients with aggressive periodontitis

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7 prospective cohort studies were included in this review of dental implant survival in patients with periodontitis. Patients with aggressive periodontitis has statistically significant lower survival rates at 3 years but the quality of the evidence is limited.

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Maxillary sinus lift surgery: does grafting improve outcomes?

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This review of maxillary sinus lift procedures prior to implant placement included 16 observational studies. The studies suggest no difference in outcomes with or without the use of graft material.

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Ferrule effect improved outcomes in endodontically treated teeth?

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The majority of the included studies in this review of the ferrule effect in-vitro studies ( 32 out of 37) and while they indicate greater longevity in teeth with ferrules further information is needed from clinical studies.

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Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns or all-ceramic crowns?

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This rapid review from the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH) identified 29 studies including 10 systematic reviews. The findings suggest a lower long term survival rate for ceramic crowns (48%) compared with porcelain fused to metal crowns (62%).

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