Occlusal splints for the management of temporomandibular disorders

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This network meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of various types of occlusal splint in the management of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) included 48 RCTs suggesting that a hard stabilisation splint achieves superior results in patients with myogenous TMDs. However, many of the included studies are small so teh quality of the evidence is low.

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Third molars: Factors associated with surgical difficulty

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This review of variables associated with surgical difficulty in the extraction of third molars included 16 prospective cohort studies suggesting a number of variable that may be associated with surgical difficulty.

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Intra-articular injection for temporomandibular joint arthralgia: Methylprednisolone or saline?

, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85397

54 patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia were randomised to recieve either methylprednisolone or saline to reduce pain. Findings suggest no difference in TMJ pain

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Aloe vera for treatment of oral submucous fibrosis?

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This review effectiveness of aloe vera on alleviating the symptoms of oral submucous fibrosis included 6 RCTs . The findings suggest a possible benefit but 5 of the trials were at high risk of bias so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Temporomandibular lavage for temporomandibular disorders

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This review of TMJ lavage for temporomandibular disorders only included 5 small RCTs a majority of which were at high risk of bias. While the findings suggest a benefit from lavage this should be interpreted cautiously because of the limited quality of the available evidence.

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Third molar removal: conventional or piezoelectric device for osteotomy?

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Fifteen studies (5 RCTs) were included in this review of piezoelectric surgery for third molar removal. The findings suggest better outcomes with piezoelectric surgery however the limited quality of the available evidence means that the findings should be viewed with caution.

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Manual therapy for temporomandibular disorders

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This review included 8 RCTs with some evidence to show that manual therapy improves pain and maximum mouth opening in patients with TMD. However, the limited number of studies and the heterogeneity of the interventions require further studies with standardised evaluations and better study designs.

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