Silver diamine fluoride for caries prevention in primary teeth

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Four RCTs were included in this review of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for the prevention of caries in primary teeth. Meta-analysis involving 2 of the studies suggest a preventive fraction = 77.5% (95%CI; 67.8– 87.2%)

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Pulp treatments in primary teeth

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This Cochrane review of pulp treatments for primary teeth included 87 trials. Pulp treatments were generally successful with many trials having no clinical or radiological failure in either arm.
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) may be the best medicament to apply after pulpotomy. For pulpectomy there was no conclusive evidence that one medicament or technique is superior to another.

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Chemomechanical caries removal in primary teeth

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This review of the effectiveness of chemomechanical caries removal in primary teeth identified 15 studies with 10 contributing to the quantitative analysis. The findings suggest this approach is less painful but takes longer than traditional approaches.

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Traumatic dental injuries affect around 1 billion people

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This review of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) included 152 observational studies providing an estimate of global prevalence of TDIs in permanent teeth of 15.2% (95%CI, 13.0%-17.4%)

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Glass ionomer cement or composite resin for class II restoration in primary molars

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This review of composite resin or glass ionomer cement for Class II restorations in primary molars included 10 RCTSs finding similar clinical performance.

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Fissure sealants: performance not affected by tooth characteristics

Fissure sealant

16 studies affect of were included in this review of tooth characteristics on sealant performance. With the exception of lower sealant failure rate on premolars sealants were not affected negatively by mouth side, jaw, or tooth type.

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Interceptive primary canine extraction for palatally displaced permanent canines

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4 RCTs were included in this review of interceptive primary canine extraction. They provide some limited evidence that extractions may facilitate permanent canine eruption but the study quality is low.

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Developmental defects of enamel and caries in primary dentition

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This blog post is by Hayley Foulds, current CT 1 in Paediatric Dentistry at Glasgow Dental Hospital and School. The following article was the topic for discussion at the most recent Paediatric Dentistry Journal Club.

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Pulp capping in primary and permanent teeth-limited high quality studies

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This review of pulp capping in primary and permanent teeth included 11 studies involving a total of 1196 teeth in 922 patients . Most materials did not show superiority compared with calcium hydroxide.

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Irrigants for pulpectomy in primary teeth- little evidence available

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This review of irrigants for pulpectomy in primary teeth only identified 7 small RCTs providing little conclusive evidence. More high quality studies are needed.

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