Pulp capping carious exposures in adults: calcium hydroxide or MTA?

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This small but well conducted RCT compares the effectiveness of MTA and calcium hydroxide for direct pulp capping material in adult molars with carious pulpal exposure finding better performance for MTA at 3 years.

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Endodontic treatments for immature necrotic teeth

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This review of endodontic treatments for immature teeth included 7 small RCTs at medium to high risk of bias. They suggest that mineral trioxide (MTA) may provide better clinical outcomes in relation to apical closure but the findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Pulp capping in primary and permanent teeth-limited high quality studies

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This review of pulp capping in primary and permanent teeth included 11 studies involving a total of 1196 teeth in 922 patients . Most materials did not show superiority compared with calcium hydroxide.

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Coronal pulpotomy in permanent molars

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This review of coronal pulpotomy in permanent teeth demonstrated good survival at 2 years 92% (95%CI; 84 -100). However as the majority of studies were observational they should be viewed cautiously until further high quality RCTs are available.

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Calcium hydroxide cavity lining in primary teeth

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This review looks at the benefits and harms of cavity lining. However, only 3 very low quality studies comparing calcium hydroxide lining in primary teeth were identified. Restoration without lining did not significantly affect the risk of failure.

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Antibacterial effects of cavity lining: limited evidence available

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This review of cavity liners retrieved 14 trials (11 RCTs). The available evidence was limited but some liners seem more suitable to achieve sterile cavities or reduce bacterial numbers than others.

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Direct pulp capping in permanent teeth more successful with MTA

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This review compared direct pulp capping in permanent teeth with MTA and calcium hydroxide including 13 studies, 10 of which were RCTs. The odds of success were higher with MTA, OR = 2.26; (95% CI, 1.33–3.85).

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Pulp treatments for primary molars

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This new Cochrane review update finds no evidence to clearly identify one superior pulpotomy medicament and technique for primary molars.

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Trial suggests that two types of mineral trioxide aggregate both out perform calcium hydroxide for primary molar pulpotomy

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The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare two different white MTA cements as pulpotomy medicaments in human primary teeth, Pro-Root MTA and MTA Angelus. Child patients with deep occlusal carious lesion, which presented potential risk of pulp exposure during complete removal of carious dentin, as determined by clinical and radiographic assessment were [read the full story…]

Review suggests that mineral trioxide aggregate had best clinical and radiographic outcomes at 9-12 months for primary molar pulpotomy

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When I was training formocresol was the standard dressing for primary teeth following pulpotomy . However, it  use is now questionable because of potential adverse effects such as potential carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and cytotoxicity.  Consequently a range of other materials have been investigated,  ferric sulphate, gluatraldehyde preparations , mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), electrosurgery, calcium hydroxide, and laser [read the full story…]