Orthodontic treatment for class II division I malocclusion

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27 RCTs were identified for this Cochrane review update early v late orthodontic treatment for class II div 1 malocclusion. The main advantage of early treatment was a reduction of incisal trauma.

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Intrusive luxation in permanent teeth

PDS scores at follow up showed gains were maintained

This review of treatments for teeth with intrusive luxation included 8 studies. The studies were all considered to be at high risk of bias and suggested that spontaneous re-eruption should be the treatment of choice. However the small number of studies and limited quality means these findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Headgear treatment for Class II malocclusions?

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Only 5 of the 18 trials included in this review of headgear for the treatment of class II malocclusions were randomised while a short-term reduction of the SNA angle was noted the quality of the studies was high.

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Oral health of professional footballers is poor

football tackle

187 UK professional footballers were examined in this cross-sectional survey. Their oral health was poorer than the average for a group of UK adults sampled for the most recent Adult Dental Health Survey.

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Traumatic dental injury associated with overweight/obese children?

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This review of observations studies of traumatic dental injury includes 17 studies and found a higher risk of injury in overweight/obese children. Odds ratio = 1.30 (95% CI, 1.11–1.53; P < 0.05).

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Traumatic dental injury in primary teeth not associated with socioeconomic status?

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This review of the the association between socioeconomic indicators and traumatic dental injury in the primary dentition included 16 observational studies. The majority were from Brazil and no clear association was demonstrated.

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Increased overjet: increases risk of dental trauma suggests review

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This systematic review of a 54 observations studies involving >10,000 patients suggested that overjet over 3-4mm double the risk of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs). With 22% of TDIs being attributable to increased overjet.

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Primary tooth trauma may be associated with developmental disorders in the permanent successors suggests review

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Trauma to primary teeth is relatively common. As the developing permanent teeth are closely related and trauma to primary teeth could adversely affect the permanent successor. This review looked for studies to assess this relationship. Only 17 low quality studies were identified and while they suggest a relationship the low quality means that the findings should be interpreted with caution.

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Early orthodontic treatment may reduce incisal trauma in children with class II malocclusions

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This is the latest update of a Cochrane review looking at the treatment of class II malocclusion.  This is a common problem affecting about one in four of 12 year-olds in the UK.    The aim of the review was to assess the effects of orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth (Class II malocclusion) when [read the full story…]

Review suggests that Cone Beam Computed Tomography may have role in diagnosis of root fractures

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While Computed Tomography (CT) is a well-established diagnostic tool in many areas of medicine it is only since the development of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) that is use in dentistry is beginning to be explored.  2012 saw the publication of new European evidence-based guidelines on CBCT for dental and maxillofacial radiology as a result [read the full story…]