Local anaesthetics for preventing pain during dental treatment

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123 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of local anaesthetic agents for preventing pain during dental treatment. 14 types of local anaesthetic were included evidence to support the use of one over another was limited so further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness and safety of one local anaesthetic over another.

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Glutaraldehyde or fluoride varnish for dentine hypersensitivity?

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This review of glutaraldehyde or fluoride varnish for dentine hypersensitivity included just 4 small RCTs . The findings suggest a benefit in favour of glutaraldehyde at 7 days but the short-term nature of the studies and their limited quality means these findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Computer games for oral health education in young children

Behavioural and cognitive-behavioural group-based parenting interventions are effective at improving child conduct problems, parental mental health and parenting skills in the short term, in the parents of children aged 3-12.

This small RCT of a computer game to deliver oral health education in high caries risk children and families was highly satisfactory to users. Improvements in knowledge were demonstrated is the short term > however there was a high drop out rate an further studies are needed to assess change sin other groups and longer term benefits.

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Third molar removal: conventional or piezoelectric device for osteotomy?

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Fifteen studies (5 RCTs) were included in this review of piezoelectric surgery for third molar removal. The findings suggest better outcomes with piezoelectric surgery however the limited quality of the available evidence means that the findings should be viewed with caution.

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Pre-operative analgesia for patients with pulpitis improved anaesthetic success

This RCT does not establish equivalence between mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and antidepressants for recurrent depression.

16 RCTs involving 1900 patients were included in this review of pre-op analgesia for patients with pulpitis . The findings suggest that premedication with analgesics improves the success rate of local anaesthesia.

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Patellar taping for treating patellofemoral pain syndrome

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Have you noticed on the fantastic TV coverage of the London Olympics 2012 that many of the athletes have medical tape applied directly to their skin. The Dutch women beach volleyball players even had designer tape and the water-polo team must have had waterproof tape. When I was a young Elf in the mid 80s [read the full story…]