Dental erosion in adolescents

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This review of the effects of dietary acids and habits on dental erosion in the permanent dentition of 10- to 19-year-old adolescents included 52 observational studies. While the findings suggest some risk factors may contribute to dental erosion more high quality prospective studies are needed.

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Erosive toothwear: Is it associated with gastro-oesophageal reflux- related symptoms and disease?

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This review of the association between erosive toothwear and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease or symptoms (GERD/S) included 27 observational studies with 19 contributing to the meta-analyses. Findings suggest patients with GERD/S have 2–4 fold increased odds of erosive toothwear.

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Non-carious cervical lesions: How common are they in adults?

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This review of the worldwide prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in adults included 26 cross-sectional studies providing a weighted prevalence estimate estimate of 46.7 %(95%CI; 38.2 to 55.3 %).

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Vegetarian diet and oral health

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This review of the association between a vegetarian diet and (a) non-carious/cervical lesions (NCCL), (b) dental caries and (c) number of natural teeth included 18 mainly cross-sectional studies suggesting a possible link with a higher prevalence of dental erosion.

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Psychological disorders associated with poor oral health

Authors reviewed studies that assessed oral health of people with severe mental illness.

26 studies were included in this review of the association between common psychological disorders and poor oral health. Dental decay and tooth loss were significantly higher in those with common psychological disorders

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Dental Erosion – incidence and progression high in adolescents

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This cohort study followed 13-14 year old Swedish adolescents over 4 years finding high incidence and prevalence of erosion, with higher levels being seen in males.

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Oral health of professional footballers is poor

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187 UK professional footballers were examined in this cross-sectional survey. Their oral health was poorer than the average for a group of UK adults sampled for the most recent Adult Dental Health Survey.

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Eating disorders associated with poor oral health

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This new systematic review explored the links between eating disorders and oral health, which were first noted in the 1970s. Ten studies were included in the review and higher odds of dental erosion were seen in those with eating disorders, with the odds being greater in those with self-induced vomiting.

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Tooth erosion: carbonated drinks associated with higher risk

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This review of 13 observational studies found support for an association between the carbonated drinks, natural acidic fruit juices, and confectionery and snacks in addition to a higher risk of tooth erosion and a reduced risk in those with high consumption of milk and yogurt.

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Dental erosion: information about incidence of erosive wear worldwide remains unclear

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Dental erosion is considered to be an increasing problem. However, clear information about the number of people affected is lacking. This review of 22 observational studies suggests that the worldwide prevalence is 30.4% (95%CI 23.8–37.0). However there is considerable heterogeneity between the studies in part related to the number of indices currently being used to measure tooth wear. So the estimate needs to be viewed with caution.

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