Psychological disorders associated with poor oral health

Authors reviewed studies that assessed oral health of people with severe mental illness.

26 studies were included in this review of the association between common psychological disorders and poor oral health. Dental decay and tooth loss were significantly higher in those with common psychological disorders

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Dental Erosion – incidence and progression high in adolescents

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This cohort study followed 13-14 year old Swedish adolescents over 4 years finding high incidence and prevalence of erosion, with higher levels being seen in males.

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Oral health of professional footballers is poor

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187 UK professional footballers were examined in this cross-sectional survey. Their oral health was poorer than the average for a group of UK adults sampled for the most recent Adult Dental Health Survey.

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Eating disorders associated with poor oral health

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This new systematic review explored the links between eating disorders and oral health, which were first noted in the 1970s. Ten studies were included in the review and higher odds of dental erosion were seen in those with eating disorders, with the odds being greater in those with self-induced vomiting.

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Tooth erosion: carbonated drinks associated with higher risk

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This review of 13 observational studies found support for an association between the carbonated drinks, natural acidic fruit juices, and confectionery and snacks in addition to a higher risk of tooth erosion and a reduced risk in those with high consumption of milk and yogurt.

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Dental erosion: information about incidence of erosive wear worldwide remains unclear

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Dental erosion is considered to be an increasing problem. However, clear information about the number of people affected is lacking. This review of 22 observational studies suggests that the worldwide prevalence is 30.4% (95%CI 23.8–37.0). However there is considerable heterogeneity between the studies in part related to the number of indices currently being used to measure tooth wear. So the estimate needs to be viewed with caution.

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Tooth erosion: review suggests an association with eating disorders

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While this new review of observational studies does suggest an increase in tooth erosion in those suffering with eating disorders concerns of the quality of the available evidence means that this is not sufficient to support a causal role for eating disorders in tooth erosion.

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Prevention toolkit from Public Health England

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Public Health England has just launched the third edition of the evidence-based toolkit for prevention. The first edition was published in 2007 and is considered to have been important in ensuring consistency of advice delivered as part of preventive treatment plans.   Within England it has also helped inform commissioners develop dental contracts that encourage prevention. [read the full story…]

Study shows that tooth wear was present in around 30% of young European adults

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There is increasing interest in the levels of tooth wear being seen with a recent systematic review suggesting that between 10-30% of children have signs of established wear ( Dental Elf Sept 2011) .  The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of tooth wear on the oral and facial surfaces in 18– 35 year [read the full story…]

Only poor quality evidence available for the use of fluoride and calcium to prevent dental erosion

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Dental erosion can been defined as the irreversible loss of tooth tissue by chemical processes not involving bacteria. The incidence of dental erosion is considered to be on the increase.  The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness of calcium and fluoride in the prevention of dental erosion. The PubMed, Cochrane Database of [read the full story…]