Tooth loss in diabetic patients

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This review assessing the risk of losing teeth among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) compared to those without DM included 10 studies the majority of which were cross-sectional (80%). While the findings suggest higher risk of tooth loss in patients with diabetes the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Tooth loss during long-term periodontal maintenance

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This review evaluating risk factors / predictors of tooth loss in patients with periodontitis having periodontal therapy and long-term periodontal maintenance (PM) included 33 studies only 3 of which were prospective. There findings suggest that patients having long-term PM suffer the loss of 1 tooth per patient every 10 years.

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Smoking cessation and tooth loss

This review provides strong evidence for quitting smoking and reducing your risk of dementia.

This review assessing whether smoking cessation reduced the risk of tooth loss included 14 cross-sectional and 7 longitudinal studies suggestign that the risk of tooth loss in former smokers is comparable to that of never smokers

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Vegetarian diet and oral health

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This review of the association between a vegetarian diet and (a) non-carious/cervical lesions (NCCL), (b) dental caries and (c) number of natural teeth included 18 mainly cross-sectional studies suggesting a possible link with a higher prevalence of dental erosion.

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Periodontitis- supportive periodontal treatment

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This Cochrane review of the effects of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) in the maintenance of the dentition of adults treated for periodontitis included 4 RCTs providing is insufficient evidence to determine the superiority of different protocols or adjunctive strategies to improve tooth maintenance during SPT.

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Tooth loss: does it affect dietary intake and nutritional status?

A Mediterranean diet high in fruits, vegetables, fish and wholegrains has been associated with decreased depression. Is there a key ingredient?

This review of the impact of tooth loss on dietary intake and nutritional status included 8 low quality cohort studies. Weak and inconsistent evidence of an association was seen. Further high quality studies are needed.

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Psychological disorders associated with poor oral health

Authors reviewed studies that assessed oral health of people with severe mental illness.

26 studies were included in this review of the association between common psychological disorders and poor oral health. Dental decay and tooth loss were significantly higher in those with common psychological disorders

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Smoking and tooth loss associated finds study

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This large German cohort study with 23,376 participants found that smoking was associated with tooth loss with heavy males smokers (≥15 cigarettes per day) having a 3 times higher tooth loss.

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Low income and tooth loss: a positive association

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Seven of the 11 observational studies included in this review came from Brazil. An association between low income and tooth loss was demonstrated (OR = 2.52: 95% CI; 2.11- 3.01) even after adjusting for socioeconomic status ( OR = 1.66: 95% CI; 1.48 – 1.86).

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