Results: 22

For: screening test

Teenagers who have been concussed are three times more likely to have depression, although no one knows why

shutterstock_128632589

Depression in teenagers is a significant problem, with serious and potentially fatal consequences. Estimates of how many teenagers have depression at any one time vary between countries, but overall about 4-5% of mid to late teens worldwide are thought to experience clinical depression every year (Thapar et al, 2012). Much of the current knowledge of [read the full story…]

Screening for mental health problems in the adult prison population

shutterstock_72020650

On 14th May 2010, when Kenneth Clarke returned to the Ministry of Justice, the prison population in England and Wales was 85,009. When he had previously been Home Secretary in 1992-93, the average prison population had been 44,628 (Prison Briefing 2010). This represents a 90% increase in a period when crime rates were generally falling. The [read the full story…]

Oral examination to detect potentially malignant disorders and mouth cancer

shutterstock_45382273

November is Mouth Cancer Awareness month here in the UK and around 6,500 cases are diagnosed a year. Mouth cancer is the 6th commonest cancer worldwide.  In India, Sir Lanka and Pakistan it is the most common cancer for men and is responsible for 30% of all new cancer cases. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, betel [read the full story…]

Primary care interventions for alcohol misuse: US Preventative Services Task Force recommendations

shutterstock_141815629

Alcohol misuse is recognised as one of the major health care issues in the US. Specifically, alcohol misuse is ranked third in causes of preventable deaths (after tobacco and obesity) affecting 30% of the population. Alcohol dependence has 4% prevalence in the US, but hazardous drinking patterns are believed to be evident in 21% of [read the full story…]

All scales are not equal; which is the best for detecting depression after stroke?

shutterstock_weighing up

Roughly 33% of stroke sufferers also develop depression at some point. This may be an under-estimate of the problem, as depression is difficult to detect in people with poor physical health. If missed, depression can led to reduced quality of life, increased disability and a worsening of physical symptoms. There are a whole host of [read the full story…]

Depression and anxiety in long-term cancer survivors compared with spouses and healthy controls: what about the impact of gender?

shutterstock_123610225

Life after cancer diagnosis and treatment is full of uncertainties for the patients and their caregivers. The possibility of cancer returning is hard to dismiss at least in the first few years after the end of treatment. Life has often changed in many imperceptible and subtle ways for people who have undergone cancer treatment, as [read the full story…]

The DSM-5 and the complexities and capitalising of classification

Textbook

Today we feature another guest blog from Professor Simon Hatcher’s excellent blog. We’ll be posting one blog every month from Simon who is Full Professor of Psychiatry at The University of Ottawa – Editor. Well it’s not actually a journal article but as everyone and their dog has an opinion on the launch of DSM-5 (the Fifth [read the full story…]

Sexual knowledge of women with learning disabilities in secure settings attitudes and shows wide range of misunderstandings and confusions

There is sparse evidence for the efficacy and safety of antipsychotics in people with learning disabilities.

Research in the field of mental health has suggested associations between risky sexual behaviour and common psychiatric conditions, with higher than prevalence rates of HIV than found in the national average, risk of sexual coercion and high rates of relationship breakdown. The authors of this paper suggest that there are encouraging signs of positive attitudes [read the full story…]

Missing you Mum: mothers who bring their babies to emergency departments often have undetected post-natal depression

Photo courtesy of ADS Ltd

While depression is the leading cause of disability for both males and females, the burden of depression is 50% higher for females. In fact, depression is the leading cause of disease burden for women in both high-income and low- and middle-income countries (WHO, 2008). Research has shown that women with unidentified and untreated maternal depression [read the full story…]

Clinical screening tests for assessing movement control in low-back pain: a systematic review

Tick

Today is the final day of the International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Therapists (IFOMPT) Conference in Quebec, Canada. The conference includes presentations from international experts on a wide array of issues related to clinical assessment and treatment. In a previous blog I looked at an article on whether or not  individuals’ movement patterns can be altered as [read the full story…]