Temporomandibular disorders: Prevalence in musicians

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This review of the the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in musicians included 13 cross-sectional studies. The finding estimate a pooled prevalence = 53.9% (95%CI; 36.6% to 70.7%) however the certainty of the evidence is graded as very low.

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Occlusal stabilisation appliances for temporomandibular disorders

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This review the efficacy of stabilisation appliances in the management of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) included 24 RCTs. The findings suggest they have an efficacy beyond the placebo effect however the evidence of low to very low certainty.

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Prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorders

, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85397

This review was to evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) among the general population. 21 studies involving a total of 11,535 patients were included with the findings suggesting a prevalence of 29.3% (95%CI; 6.1–72.3%) in adults assessed using the RDC/TMD Criteria.

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Bruxism: Are botulinum toxin injections effective in management?

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The review of the use of botulinum toxin type A injections in the management of primary bruxism in adults included 10 studies. Only 6 of the included studies were RCTs and the studies were generally small are very hetrogeneous so additional well designed and conducted RCTs are needed.

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Occlusal splints for the management of temporomandibular disorders

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This network meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of various types of occlusal splint in the management of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) included 48 RCTs suggesting that a hard stabilisation splint achieves superior results in patients with myogenous TMDs. However, many of the included studies are small so teh quality of the evidence is low.

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