CBT for eating disorders: what impact on quality of life?

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Sarah McDonald explores a recent meta-analysis that summarises the effects of cognitive behavioural therapy for eating disorders on quality of life in adults.

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Orthodontic treatment outcomes for cleft lip and palate patients

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4o studies were included in this scoping review of orthodontic outcomes used with cleft lip and palate patients. The majority (68%) relate to morphological features of maloclussion with on 3 addressing quality of life issues and 2 health service utilisation.

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Oral health-related quality of life improved in children following dental treatment under general anaesthesia.

The authors suggest a number of factors that may lead to increased prevalence, including depression, childhood trauma, low self-esteem and genetic risk.

20 studies were identified for this review of oral health related quality of life in children following general anaesthetic (GA). While a majority demonstrated an improvement following GA most are based on convenience samples and are of limited quality so more high quality research is needed.

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Impact of malocclusion on oral health related quality of life is small

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40 cross-sectional studies involving a range or oral health related quality of life measures were included in this review. They found that malocclusion has a small impact on oral health related quality of life.

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Shortened dental arch and oral health related quality of life

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The concept of the shortened dental arch was first raised as a concept 30 years ago, with the WHO endorsing a functional dentition of 20 functional teeth without resorting to a prosthesis. This large cross-sectional study from Brazil suggests that having a shortened dental arch does not have any significant impact on oral health related quality of life.

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Implant overdentures improve satisfaction, chewing and bite force, suggests review

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While 53 studies were included in this review of implant overdentures only a narrative summary of the outcomes of chewing ability, bite force and patient satisfaction could be presented. While all the studies were prospective, information about the quality and risk of bias in the included studies is not reported.

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Shortened dental arch: trial suggests it improves quality of life more than conventional treatment using removable partial dentures

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This study suggests that treatment based on SDA concept led to better quality of life compared with treatment based on RPDs up to 12 months after treatment.

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Malocclusion: review finds that it has an adverse effect on quality of life

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Following on from a review we looked at earlier in the week about the impact of orthodontic treatment on quality of life we look at a review considering whether malocclusion affects quality of life. 6 studies were included and malocclusion was considered to have a negative impact.

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Orthodontic research is currently using a narrow range of outcome domains

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This new review looked a 6 main outcome domains in orthodontic research and found that 3 domains (quality of life, health service resource utilization, and adverse effects of treatment.) that could provide useful insight were infrequently evaluated.

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Orthodontic treatment: Does it improve quality of life for patients?

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Orthodontic treatment is considered to have an impact on an individuals quality of life. This review focuses on the studies using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 as a measurement tool. A small number of studies were included in a meta-analysis which identified significant improvement in the OHIP-14 scores.

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