Cleft lip and palate patients have higher caries experience

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Twenty four studies were included in this review of caries status in children with cleft lip and palate. The findings suggest that caries experience in higher in children with cleft lip and palate in both primary and permanent dentition

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Orthodontic treatment outcomes for cleft lip and palate patients

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4o studies were included in this scoping review of orthodontic outcomes used with cleft lip and palate patients. The majority (68%) relate to morphological features of maloclussion with on 3 addressing quality of life issues and 2 health service utilisation.

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Oral Clefts and maternal smoking associated suggests review

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This review examined the link between maternal smoking and oral clefts. 29 studies ( 6 Cohorts & 23 case control studies) were included and a positive association has noted. No quality assessment of the included studies was presented.

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Distraction osteogenesis or orthognathic surgery for hypoplastic maxilla in cleft lip and palate

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This Cochrane review of maxillary distraction osteogenesis compared to orthognathic surgery for the treatment of hypoplastic maxilla in people with cleft lip and palate only identified a single small trial providing very low quality evidence. Further high quality research is needed.

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Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain following cleft lip repair in children

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This Cochrane review of Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain after cleft lip repair includes 8 trials providing low to very low quality evidence that infraorbital nerve block with lignocaine or bupivacaine may reduce postoperative pain more than placebo

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Passive smoking: linked with non-syndromic orofacial clefts

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This review included 15 retrospective case-controlled studies and found that Maternal passive smoking was associated with an increased risk in non-syndromic orofacial clefts OR= 2.11, (95% CI: 1.54-2.89)

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Distraction osteogenesis: little evidence available of effectiveness in maxillary hypoplasia in cleft lip and palate patients

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This review only found 1 study reported in 5 articles at high risk of bias that compared distraction osteogenesis to conventional orthognathic surgery for the treatment of maxillary hypoplasia in cleft lip and palate patients. More high quality trials are needed.

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Review suggests cleft lip and or palate patients may have higher prevalence of caries

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Cleft lip and palate is a relatively common birth defect that occurs in around 1 in 700  births and there have been contradictory reports of caries prevalence in CLP populations  with some studies finding no difference and others an increase in prevalence.  The aim of this review was to evaluate caries prevalence in non-syndromic patient [read the full story…]

Does vomer or palatal flap have less adverse effect on maxillary growth in cleft patients? – No good evidence available

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Cleft lip (CL) and cleft palate (CP) are common birth defects that affect around 1 in 700 children born.  Surgery to repair the palate is thought to affect maxillary growth. The vomer flap is assumed to cause less scarring and therefore have less impact on growth. The aim of this review was to investigate the [read the full story…]

New Cochrane Protocols February 2013

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There are three new protocols on the February issue of the Cochrane Library The first protocol Carrasco-Labra A, Brignardello-Petersen R, Yanine N, Araya I, Rada G, Chadwick RG. Professionally-applied chemically-induced whitening of teeth in adults (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD010379. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010379.  aims to assess the effects of [read the full story…]