Tinnitus: Prevalence in patients with temporomandibular disorders

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This review of the prevalence of tinnitus in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) included 25 studies finding a higher prevalence of tinnitus in patients with TMDs . Patients with TMD had a median prevalence of 42% compared with 12% in control groups.

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Temporomandibular disorders: Prevalence of psychosocial impairment

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This review assessing the level of psychosocial impairment in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) included 14 observational studies . The studies suggest that psychological disorders and psychosocial impairment are common in patients with TMD but the evidence is of low quality.

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Temporomandibular disorders: Are intra-articular injections with platelet-rich plasma effective?

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This review of the effectiveness of intra-articular platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections in temporomandibular disorders included only 6 low quality RCTs providing very weak evidence for a potential benefit from PRP injection.

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Orofacial pain: pharmacological treatments

The authors sought to review available literature relating to SSRI withdrawal syndromes

This review of pharmacological management of orofacial pain included 41 studies. Evidence suggests that for TMD joint pain NSAIDs, corticosteroids and hyaluronate injections are beneficial and that clonazepam and capsaicin are effective for burning mouth syndrome.

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Temporomandibular disorders: no role for dental occlusion in the pathophysiology

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This review of the association between temporomandibular disorders and dental occlusion included 25 observational studies. No consistent association was found.

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Bruxism: Are botulinum toxin injections helpful?

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Only 5 small low quality studies were included in this review of botulinum toxin (BoNT-A ) injections for sleep bruxism. 3 of the included studies were RCTs and while a potential benefit from use of BoNT-A treatment was suggested the findings should be treated very cautiously.

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Temporomandibular lavage for temporomandibular disorders

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This review of TMJ lavage for temporomandibular disorders only included 5 small RCTs a majority of which were at high risk of bias. While the findings suggest a benefit from lavage this should be interpreted cautiously because of the limited quality of the available evidence.

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Temporomandibular disorders: high prevalence of otologic signs and symptoms

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This review of otologic signs & symptoms in patients with temporomandibular disorders included just 8 studies and highlights a high frequency but the findings should be interpreted with caution because of the limited quality of available studies.

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Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis with hyaluronic acid- evidence limited.

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This review of intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) for temporomandibular disorder only identified 8 small studies of limited quality providing no consensus that HA injections were better than other agents.

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Temporomandibular disorders – insufficient evidence for or against impact of conservative therapies on otologic signs and symptoms

Depression

Eight studies were included in this review of the effect of conservative temporomandibular therapies on otologic symptoms . While most suggested an improvement the quality of the available evidence is limited.

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