Temporomandibular lavage for temporomandibular disorders

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This review of TMJ lavage for temporomandibular disorders only included 5 small RCTs a majority of which were at high risk of bias. While the findings suggest a benefit from lavage this should be interpreted cautiously because of the limited quality of the available evidence.

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Anxiety and pain during dental treatment

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35 studies investigating 47 clinical groups were included in this review of the association between dental anxiety and pain during dental treatment. The findings suggest a consistent impact on pain through the entire period of dental treatment.

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Root canal treatment –patient age not a prognostic factor

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This review of the outcome of root canal treatment in older adults included 24 studies (9 prospective, 15 retrospective) and suggests that outcomes are the same as in younger adults.

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Azithromycin as an adjunctive antibiotic in non-surgical periodontal therapy

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Another new review of local or systemic azithromycin as an adjunct in non-surgical periodontal therapy includes 14 RCTs and demonstrates small benefits in periodontal parameters. However, the included studies are small and it is unclear if the benefits are clinically important.

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Mandibular condylar fractures: is surgical or non-surgical approach best?

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Review of 36 studies at high risk of bias suggests that surgical treatment of mandibular condylar fractures provides a better clinical outcome for post-treatment malocclusion, protrusion, laterotrusion, and lateral deviation during maximal incisal opening in comparison to non-surgical treatment. But more patients affected by post-treatment infection.

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Peri-implantitis: little evidence that particular non-surgical treatments are better than debridement alone

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This Bayesian network meta-analysis only included 11 small studies of overall low quality. While the greatest reduction in PPD was seen with debridement in conjunction with antibiotics the difference are small so it is difficult to conclude that any particular non-surgical treatment for peri-implantitis performs better than debridement alone

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Periodontal treatment may be effective in improving metabolic control in diabetics but clinical significance is unclear

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The destructive form of periodontal disease, periodontitis, affects approximately 50% of adults and over 60% of over 65 year olds, with severe periodontitis affecting 10–15% of populations. It is biologically plausible that chronic inflammation from periodontal disease has an impact on diabetes control and a number of epidemiological studies have highlighted associations between the two [read the full story…]

Review finds limited evidence for adjunctive use of the diode laser with non-surgical periodontal debridement

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Diode-lasers have been used for soft-tissue applications such as incision, haemostasis, and coagulation so are considered to have potential for the treatment of periodontal disease. The aim of this review was to assess the adjunctive effect of a diode laser following non-surgical periodontal debridement (SRP) during the initial phase of periodontal therapy on the clinical [read the full story…]

Some evidence of improvement in metabolic control in diabetics, after treating periodontal disease

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Many have suggested a two-way relationship between periodontitis and  diabetes mellitus. Poor glycaemic control is associated with an increase risk of periodontal disease and in 2010 a Cochrane review  (Simpson et al) estimated a 0.4% reduction of HbA1c associated with periodontal treatment.  At that time Simpson et al noted that there were only a small [read the full story…]