Early childhood caries: Global prevalence

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The 2019 Bangkok Declaration defined early childhood caries (ECC) as the presence of a primary tooth with one or more carious (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries), or filled surfaces in a child under the age of six years. While dental caries is a preventable chronic health problem it remains a significant public [read the full story…]

Interventions for oral lichen planus

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This systematic review and network meta-analysis comparing interventions for the management of oral lichen planus included 55 RCTs. While the findings suggested that topical corticosteroids may be most effective the evidence is of low to very low certainty.

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Curcumin mouthwashes for plaque and gingivitis

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This review of the efficacy of curcumin mouthwash on plaque and gingivitis in comparison with chlorhexidine included 6 RCTs. While the findings suggest that curcumin mouthwashes have promising anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis properties 5 of the 6 studies were at high risk of bias.

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Rubber dam use and restoration survival

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This Cochrane review update of the effects of rubber dam isolation compared with other types of isolation for direct and indirect restorative treatments included 6 RCTs. The findings provide some low-certainty evidence that rubber dam may lead to fewer direct restoration failures compared with cotton roll use after six months.

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Temporomandibular disorders: Prevalence in musicians

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This review of the the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in musicians included 13 cross-sectional studies. The finding estimate a pooled prevalence = 53.9% (95%CI; 36.6% to 70.7%) however the certainty of the evidence is graded as very low.

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Pulp necrosis: Is it induced by orthodontic tooth movement?

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This review evaluating the evidence to support the possibility that orthodontic tooth movements could induce pulp necrosis included 12 studies. While the findings indicate there is evidence that these treatments do not induce pulp necrosis it has low to very low quality.

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Malignant oral lesions in children and adolescents

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This review of the the prevalence, types and distribution of malignant oral lesions in children and adolescents included 43 retrospective studies reporting on 64,522 biopsies. The findings indicate an overall prevlence of 1.93% (95%CI; 1.21 to 2.80.

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Third molar surgery – Lingual or buccal-based flaps?

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This review of postoperative discomfort, operative time, and wound healing in the short-term follow-up following surgical extraction of lower third molars with lingual- or buccal-based flaps included 7 RCTs. The quality of the included studies was limited and few differences were seen between the type of flaps.

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MicroRNAs for diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma

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Manas Dave looks at a review of the diagnostic accuracy of blood and salivary microRNAs (miRNAs) in discriminating oral squamous cell carcinoma. The review included 20 cross-sectional studies and suggested moderate diagnostic accuracy and higlights a potential are for larger scale studies.

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Sugar free gum and streptococcus mutans levels

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This review of the impact of sugar-free gum (SFG) on the level of oral micro-organisms, specifically Streptococcus mutans included 13 studies 11 of whihc were RCTs. The findings indicated that SFG reduces the load of Streptococcus mutans in the oral cavity compared to controls but noe of teh included studies were at low risk of bias.

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