Orthognathic surgery: Are perioperative steroids beneficial?

Bariatric surgery and marked weight loss is likely to improve knee complaints but there is a need for high quality studies

This review of perioperative systemic corticosteroids on clinically important outcomes in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery identified 8 small RCTs. A reduction in facial oedema was seen in those receiving systemic corticosteroids. However the quality of the studies is limited and there is lack of evidence on other outcomes or adverse effects.

[read the full story...]

Prolonged bleeding after tooth extraction – no evidence on treatment from trials

shutterstock_42218782

This Cochrane review did not identify any randomised controlled trials that evaluated the effects of different interventions for the treatment of post-extraction bleeding. Clinicians must use their clinical experience to determine the most appropriate means of treating this condition, depending on patient-related factors.

[read the full story...]

Third molars: single dose of preoperative antibiotic reduced infection

shutterstock_31846396

10 RCTs were included in this review of preoperative antibiotics for removal of third molars. The use of antibiotics significantly reduced the odds of surgical site infection or alveolar osteitis (OR = 0.30; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.47; P≤.00001)

[read the full story...]

Anterior mandibular fractures: review suggests lag screws and 1 plate plus an arch bar were superior to 2 miniplates for fixation

shutterstock_172779848

This is one of a series of reviews that has looked at postoperative complications following different treatments for mandibular fractures. This review focuses on anterior mandibular fractures with the findings suggesting that lag screws and single miniplate plus an arch bar were superior to 2 miniplates

[read the full story...]

Mandibular fractures: review finds that use of a single miniplates reduced postoperative complications

shutterstock_158327204

This review looked at which internal fixation method for mandibular fractures resulted in lowest complication rate. 20 studies were included and they found use of 1 miniplate is superior to using 2 ; and the transbuccally placed lateral miniplate was better than one placed on the external oblique ridge

[read the full story...]