Orthodontic management and orofacial muscle training protocols in the developing dentition

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15 studies were included in this review of early orthodontic management and orofacial muscle training protocols in the developing dentition. All the included studies were at high risk of bias so high-quality evidence for early orthodontic management and myofunctional treatment in the developing dentition is lacking.

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Pacifier sucking: Limited evidence of impact on orofacial structures

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This review of the effects of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures identified 17 studies highlighting a lack of high quality evidence. While some effects are suggested these should be viewed cautiously given the quality of the evidence.

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Anterior open bite might be corrected with crib therapy

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This review of the use of habit-interception appliances to improve anterior open bite (AOB) included 11 controlled studies only 2 of which were randomised. The limited available evidence suggests that crib therapy could be considered as an effective treatment for the correction of AOB in growing patients.

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Anterior open bite: limited evidence for current treatment approaches

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While 22 studies were included in this review of the treatment of anterior open bite, only 3 were RCTs. The RCTs and the other included studies were of low quality and a wide range of treatment approaches and appliances were used. Further high quality trials are needed to guide clinical practice.

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