Orthodontic treatment; can it be accelerated by surgical and non-surgical approaches?

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With typical orthodontic treatment taking 18-24 months there is pressure to reduce the time it takes. This review considers a range of potential options but there is limited quality evidence for most of the techniques identified.

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Review finds limited evidence for laser treatment in comparison to conventional treatment of peri-implantitis

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Peri-implantitis is a common reason for the failure of dental implants and a number of different treatments for managing this condition have been suggested (Dental Elf 26th Jan 2012). The aim of this review was to assess whether laser therapy was effective either as a monotherapy or as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of [read the full story…]

Small study suggests possible role for low-level laser therapy in treating recurrent oral ulcers

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Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common form of oral ulceration. Prevalence rates for the general population vary between 5-60%. Onset generally peaks between the ages of 10-19 an often persists in to adulthood. A wide range of topical and systematic treatments have been utilised including low-level laser therapy. The aim of the study [read the full story…]

Review suggests that some lasers are effective in treatment of dentine hypersensitivity

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In my blog on 25th June 2011 we looked at a systematic review which aimed to assess whether laser therapy was more effective than desensitising agents for dentine hypersensitivity.   This latest systematic review on the topic by  Sgolastra et al  aimed to assess the efficacy of lasers, stratified according to laser type, on changes in [read the full story…]

Current no robust evidence for the use of lasers as an adjunct to chemo-mechanical disinfection of infected root canals

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A number of different laser techniques have been considered as alternative approaches to traditional chemo- mechanical approaches for root canal disinfection. The aim of this review was evaluate the clinical efficacy of lasers as an adjunct to chemo-mechanical disinfection of root canals. The PubMed, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CENTRAL) and the ISI Web of Knowledge [read the full story…]

Small study suggests that low-level laser therapy may have some benefit in treatment oral lichen planus

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Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a common chronic immunological disease the treatment of which remains a challenge for clinicians.  Two Cochrane reviews  have recently been published regarding the treatment of OLP (Chang et al 2012 and Thongorasom et al 2011 ). The quality of evidence for treatments for OLP is weak, but topical steroids are [read the full story…]

Not enough evidence to support the use of low-level laser to minimize pain,swelling, and reduced mouth-opening after third molar removal

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The removal of third molars is one of the commonest surgical procedures undertaken and the majority of patients develop some degree ofpain, swelling, and trismus after the surgery. Some investigators have stated that low-level laser energy irradiation (LLEI) decreases pain and swelling after surgery, and that it would contribute to a faster recovery. The aim [read the full story…]

No evidence to support the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy for treatment of temporomandibular disorders

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The aim of this review was  to  assess the scientific evidence on the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The authors searched  the  PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane Clinical Trials Register, and PEDro databases.  Papers were screened, extracted, and quality assessed  independently by two  reviewers. A meta-analysis- was performed [read the full story…]