Results: 30

For: antibiotics

D-cycloserine does not improve CBT for social anxiety disorder, but may accelerate early treatment gains

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Clinical trials in the field of social anxiety to date have primarily focussed on the effect of either anxiolytic medication or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). At best these trials have demonstrated only moderate efficacy for either treatment independently (Davidson et al, 2004; Clark et al, 2003; Heimberg et al, 1998; Stein et al, 1998), and [read the full story…]

No evidence on whether antibiotic prophylaxis is effective or ineffective against bacterial endocarditis in people at risk who need invasive dental procedures

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Bacteraemia is common following dental procedures and it was believed that this could lead to bacteria endocarditis a severe infection of the lining of the chambers of the heart with a high mortality rate.  Until 2008 when National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommended that antibiotics were not required guidelines in many countries [read the full story…]

Review suggests that antibiotics are beneficial for reducing failure of dental implants

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With the increasing popularity of dental implants and the difficulties of managing infections around them it is important to know whether the use of prophylactic antibiotics is beneficial or not. This review is an update of a Cochrane review originally published in 2008 and last updated in 2010. The aim of the review was to [read the full story…]

Some evidence that prophylactic antibiotics reduce implant failures

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Dental implants are being used increasingly and some implant failures may be due to bacterial contamination at insertion.  Prophylactic antibiotic regimens have been proposed to minimise infection. The aim of this review was to address the question, does the use of antibiotics, when compared with a control group, reduce the frequency of implant failure and [read the full story…]

ADA-EBD summary on amoxicillin/metronidazole therapy for aggressive periodontitis

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This ADA-EBD critical summary looks at a systematic review from the same group that conducted the review that we highlighted yesterday (Sgolastra et al 2012).  This time the question was whether the use of amoxicillin/metronidazole (AMX/MET) as an adjunct to scaling and root planning (SRP) was more effective than SRP alone in the treatment of [read the full story…]

ADA-EBD summary on amoxicillin/metronidazole therapy for chronic periodontitis

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This ADA-EBD critical summary  looks at  systematic review by Sgolastra et al from 2012 that addressed  the question of whether the use of amoxicillin/metronidazole (AMX/MET)  as an adjunct to scaling and root planning (SRP) was more effective than SRP alone in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. The appraisers considered that searching an analysis of the [read the full story…]

Study suggests that pre-operative antibiotics have positive impact on operative morbidity in dental implant surgery

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Earlier this month  (Dental Elf 13th Feb 2013) we reported on a study looking at whether systemic antibiotics were necessary for the placement of dental implants.  That study suggested that antibiotics were not necessary for the placement of single implants.  Today we look at another study that looked at the influence of pre-operative antibiotics on [read the full story…]

Study suggests that systemic antibiotics are not necessary for single dental implant placement

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The use of systemic antibiotics during dental implant placement has been controversial, with some authors claiming higher survival rates with peri-operative antibiotic use.  The aim of this multi-centre trial was to assess the effect of various systemic antibiotic prophylaxis regimes on patient- reported outcomes and postsurgical complications in patients undergoing conventional implant placement. Following establishment [read the full story…]

Costs of routine antibiotic prophylaxis prescribing to dental patients in the USA

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In March 2008 the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) produced new guidance recommending the cessation of antibiotic prophylaxis for all patients at risk of infective endocarditis undergoing dental and a wide range of other invasive procedures. At the time this was controversial and although there were similar changes to recommendations in American [read the full story…]

Moderate evidence that prophylactic antibiotics reduce the risk of infection, dry socket and pain following third molar extraction but benefit not enough to recommend routine use

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Tooth extraction is probably the most commonly conducted surgical procedure.  Teeth are normally extracted because of severe dental caries or periodontal (gum) infection, although they are also removed because they are poorly aligned or developed.  To aim of this Cochrane review was to determine the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis on the development of infectious complications [read the full story…]