Early childhood caries – maternal factors and early colonization of oral bacteria

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The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry define Early childhood caries (ECC) as the presence of one or more decayed (cavitated or non-cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child younger than 71 months of age. This aim of this review was twofold to assess the relationship [read the full story…]

Parental influences on early childhood caries

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The broad aim of this review was to look at the literature that has assessed the role of parental influences in early childhood caries (ECC).  The authors had 4 questions they were hoping to address. What parental variables have been studied within the context of dental caries development in young children aged 0–6 years? What [read the full story…]

Daily use of chlorhexidine gel in addition to regular brushing with low fluoride toothpaste did not provide additional reductions in early childhood caries

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Early childhood caries (ECC) remains a challenge for many communities. Chlorhexidine (CHX) is a common oral antiseptic with effective bactericidal activity against mutans streptococci (MS) and early colonisation of the oral cavity by MS has been identified as a risk factor for ECC. The aim of this study was to test whether the daily application [read the full story…]

In pre-school children addition of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate paste to regular brushing with fluoridated toothpaste did not have added decay prevention effect

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Early childhood caries (ECC) remains a significant public health problem and evidence (Yengopal 2009) and  has suggested that casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) may improve the effectiveness of fluoridated toothpaste. The aim of this study was to see if adding the daily application of a CPP-ACP-containing paste for 1 yr is superior to regular fluoride [read the full story…]

Home visits and telephone contacts reduced early childhood caries in a low socio-economic area

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Early childhood caries (ECC) remains an important clinical challenge so a range of preventive approaches have been used. The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of  home visits (HV) compared with  telephone contacts (TC) and no contact (NC) in reducing ECC , Mutans streptococcus (MS) levels and lactobacilli(LB) colonisation in children from [read the full story…]

Treatment under general anaesthesia improved quality of life for children with early childhood caries

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Despite improvements in oral health in many countries early childhood caries (ECC) remains the most common reason for hospital admissions for paediatric patients.  Children with ECC have a lower oral-health-related quality of  life (OHRQoL).  The aim of this study was to see whether dental treatment of young Auckland children under GA improved oral-health-related quality of [read the full story…]