Gingivitis: anti-inflammatory agents may be beneficial suggests review

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A new review of anti-inflammatory agents for the management of gingivitis identified 14 studies. While the various anti-inflammatory agents showed benefit, the majority of the studies were at high risk of bias, so the results should be treated with caution.

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On-demand analgesic use following root canal treatment resulted in similar pain relief but reduced consumption compared with regular prescription

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The management of pre- and post-operative pain is a key component of endodontic treatment with studies reporting that the incidence of post operative pain (flare-up) ranges from  3-58%.   Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most common medication used for managing pain after root canal treatment (RoCT). The aim of this study was to compare the [read the full story…]

Ibuprofen more effective than paracetamol for postoperative pain following third molar removal

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Surgical removal of third molars is a very common procedure and postoperative pain is a major concern for patients. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are (NSAIDs) frequently recommended to manage this pain.   Ibuprofen and paracetamol commonly used and recently a combination analgesic containing both paracetamol and ibuprofen has become available in the UK. The aim of this [read the full story…]

Small study found that pre-operative ibuprofen improved efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve blocks

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Inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) is a routine technique for achieving regional anaesthesia. However, it is not always successful, with inflammation being a potential cause.  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative oral ibuprofen (IBU) on the success of inferior alveolar nerve blocks (IANBs) with mepivacaine containing 1: 100 000 epinephrine for [read the full story…]

Taking ibuprofen before wisdom tooth removal does not appear to be more effective for controlling post operative pain

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The removal of lower third molars is one of the commonest surgical procedures. The effective management of post operative pain is an important consideration and it has been suggested that preoperative administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be more effective than post operative administration. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the [read the full story…]

Analgesics for pain experienced by patients having orthodontic treatment

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One of the potential side effects of orthodontic treatment is pain and discomfort. This can lead to  reduced compliance  or discourage patients from treatment.   The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions on pain experienced by patients undergoing orthodontic treatment.  What did they do The Medline and Cochrane databases were [read the full story…]

Cognitive behavioural therapy effective for pain control in the initial stage of orthodontic treatment

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Pain is not an uncommon experience during orthodontic treatment, and has been reported as a cause of treatment discontinuation. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention for patients experiencing pain during orthodontic treatment. Eligible patients were randomised into three groups CBT intervention(n=150), ibuprofen intervention(n=150), and [read the full story…]

acetylsalicylic acid for secondary prevention of cardiovascular events and post extraction haemorrhage

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In patients who use acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events some dentists recommend suspending its use before dental procedures to reduce bleeding. However, this potentially increases the risk of thromboembolic events. The effect of ASA on the amount of bleeding that occurs during tooth extraction procedures is controversial, and [read the full story…]

Ibuprofen and ibuprofen/acetaminophen have similar effect on postoperative endodontic pain

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The aim of this study was to determine whether  in patients diagnosed with pulpal necrosis and associated periapical radiolucency with moderate to severe preoperative pain ibuprofen or ibuprofen/acetaminophen was more effective for postoperative endodontic pain. 71 patients with a  symptomatic tooth with a pulpal diagnosis of necrosis and moderate to severe pain at the time [read the full story…]

Preoperative ibuprofen and acetaminophen did not improve inferior alveolar nerve anaesthesia success in patients with pulpitis.

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The inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB)  does not always result in successful pulpal anaesthesia with studies noting failure rates between  44% and 81%.  Previous studies have suggested that preoperative medication might increase the success rate of the IANB.  The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the administration of the combination of [read the full story…]