Periodontal disease and pregnancy outcomes

Routine specialist pregnancy care involved an initial meeting to discuss quitting smoking and set a quit date, followed by 4 weekly telephone calls, and free nicotine replacement therapy for 10 weeks.

Twenty three systematic reviews were included in this overview of reviews reviews assessing the link between periodontal disease and adverse periodontal outcomes. While a majority of the available reviews suggest an association there are concerns regarding the quality of the primary studies.

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OCD risk may increase following perinatal complications

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Alan Underwood summarises a population based cohort study of 2.4 million Swedish children, which highlights links between perinatal risk factors such as smoking during pregnancy, and later development of obsessive compulsive disorder.

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Periodontal treatment and adverse pregnancy outcomes

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This study updates a previous meta-analysis adding 2 new studies and reassessing the findings. Overall, it suggests that the provision of periodontal treatment does not seem to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes, although there is a suggestion of benefit in high risk populations.

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Review suggests increased risk of enamel defects in children born pre-term

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Enamel defects and other oral abnormalities have been reported in premature children. The aim of this review was to assess whether there is any association between premature birth and enamel opacities or hypoplasia. A search was conducted in PubMed  and Embase for follow-up, case control or cross sectional studies  published in English German, Danish, Swedish [read the full story…]

Periodontal treatment, pre-term birth and low birth weight

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Periodontal disease is common as is pregnancy and preterm labour is a complication in 10-15% of all pregnancies.  It is therefore not unsurprising that an association between periodontal disease and pre-term labour has been noted in a number of studies.  The aim of this latest review was quantify the relationship between periodontal disease, preterm birth [read the full story…]