Manual therapy for temporomandibular disorders


This review included 8 RCTs with some evidence to show that manual therapy improves pain and maximum mouth opening in patients with TMD. However, the limited number of studies and the heterogeneity of the interventions require further studies with standardised evaluations and better study designs.

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Temporomandibular disorders: is botulinum toxin effective?

Botulinum toxin

This review of botulinum toxin (BTX) for treating temporomandibular disorders identified 5 RCTs involving a total of 117 patients. There was marked heterogeneity between the studies and the therapeutic benefits are unclear. Well reported high quality RCTs are needed.

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