In this US study, the authors looked at the prevalence of obesity in people with learning disability and those in the general U.S. adult population without learning disability. They found that adults with learning disability did not differ from the general population in prevalence of obesity. However, when they combined obesity and overweight they found that prevalence was lower for males with learning disability than for the general population but in women the prevalence was similar. They found higher prevalence of obesity among women with learning disability, those with Down syndrome, and people with milder learning disability. They also found that there were differences in the prevalence of obesity in different living arrangements. For example, those living in institutional settings had the lowest prevalence of obesity and those living in their own home had the highest prevalence. However, when level learning disability was taken into account, differences among living arrangements were reduced. For those with milder learinng disability, some differences still remained significant. Overweight and obesity among adults with intellectual disabilities who use intellectual disability/developmental disability services in 20 U.S. states, Stancliffe R et al., in American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 116, 6, 401-418.
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