Tooth grinding in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders


This review of the prevalence of tooth grinding and/or clenching in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders and other developmental anomalies included 77 studies from 2 countries. However a large proportion of the studies were at high risk of bias so the findings need to be interpreted with caution.

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Sleep bruxism: are oral appliances beneficial?


Sixteen studies were included in this review of oral appliances for sleep bruxism. The included studies were small and mainly short term and only 7 studies were RCTs . Although the availabel evidence suggests a short term benefit further high-quality studies of longer duration are needed.

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Sleep bruxism: validity of diagnostic tools


This review of diagnostic tools for sleep bruxism included 8 studies the majority being at high risk of bias. Portable diagnostic devices had best validity but quality of evidence was very-low to moderate.

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Mandibular advancement devices: Trial suggests they can benefit patients with mild obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea


Obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea (OSAH) affects 2-7% of adults. This trial compared 3 mandibular advancement devices with no treatment for mild disease and found benefits over the short term for a range of outcomes including Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and cost-effectiveness.

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