This is a critical summary prepared by ADA Centre for Evidence-Based Dentistry of a systematic review originally published in 2010.
The original review looked at which surgical modifications of the upper airway were most effective in reducing the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) for patietns suffering with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). OSA is relatively common occurring in 2-4% of the adult population.
The summariser noted that the review well thought out but relied on the AHI as its main outcome measure a point acknowledged by the review authors as a limitation. The review overall suggested that maxillomandibular advancement surgery may be an effective treatment for patients with OSA but the available evidence is limited.
Sundaram S, Bridgman SA, Lim J, Lasserson TJ. Surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Oct 19;(4):CD001004. Review. PubMed PMID: 16235277.