We have posted previously about the use of physical interventions in services for people with learning disabilities and challenging behavioiur, with BILD estimating their use in around half of all people with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour. (BILD link).
The researchers in this organisational case study were interested in whether the adoption of organisation-wide positive behavioural approaches in services that support people with learning disabilities might bring about a reduction in the use of restrictive practices such as restraint, seclusion and the use of PRN or ‘as required’ medications.
Working with a specialist service for adults with learning disability in a locality, they introduced a series of initiatives which sought to establish positive behavioural support (PBS) as what they describe as the ‘primary clinical model
They collected data on a monthly basis on the use of physical intervention in eleven specialist services settings using PBS as the clinical model for a period of seven years.
They found there were reductions in the use of physical intervention in the period of study. The way in which physical intervention use changed over time was different in acute and long-stay settings, but reductions were found in both settings.
They conclude that the initial findings from this case study suggest that the
systematic adoption of PBS within a service system would appear to be associated with substantial reductions in the use of physical interventions.
The impact of a whole-organisation approach to positive behavioural support on the use of physical interventions, Allen D et al., in International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support, 2, 1, 26-30