This literature review looked at evaluations of service provision in the UK for people with challenging behaviours, reviewing the literature from 1990 to 2010 looking at studies that evaluated a range of UK service provision in terms of impact on challenging behaviour and other quality of life indices. The author found very few evaluations, although the studies included indicated that specialist congregate services appeared to appear to use more restrictive approaches which have limited effect on reducing challenging behaviour. There was less clear evidence on the outcomes for peripatetic teams. Two studies found showed positive outcomes, but with significant methodological considerations. There was only one evaluation of a community based service. The lack of good quality evaluations suggest difficulties in generalising results.
Providing services in the United Kingdom to people with an intellectual disability who present behaviour which challenges: A review of the literature, McKenzie K, in Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 2, 395-403.