Insufficient evidence for or against use of cognitive-behavioural therapy for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders

shutterstock_48486751 stomatologist shows x-ray

The aim of this review was to assess the contribution of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)  to the management of temporomandibular disorders (TMD).

The authors searched  the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial (CENTRAL), Pubmed and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Data for randomised and semi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs), comparing CBT with any control group receiving other dental treatments. Two authors independently retrieved, extracted and assessed the quality of included studies.

Five studies met the inclusion criteria, three RCTs and two semi-RCTs. Meta-analysis was not performed because of the apparent heterogeneity.

They found that the effect of CBT on patients with TMD was inconsistent among the studies, so no firm conclusion could be drawn.

They concluded

there is insufficient evidence either for or against the use of CBT over other intervention for the treatment of TMD.

Liu HX, Liang QJ, Xiao P, Jiao HX, Gao Y, Ahmetjiang A. The effectiveness of cognitive- behavioural therapy for temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review. J Oral Rehabil. 2011 Aug 9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2011.02239.x. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID:

Share on Facebook Tweet this on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on Google+
Mark as read
Create a personal elf note about this blog
Profile photo of Derek Richards

Derek Richards

Derek Richards is the Director of the Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry, Editor of the Evidence-based Dentistry Journal, Consultant in Dental Public Health with Forth Valley Health Board and Honorary Senior Lecturer at Dundee & Glasgow Dental Schools. He helped to establish both the Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry and the Evidence-based Dentistry Journal. He has been involved with teaching EBD and a wide range of evidence-based initiatives both nationally and internationally since 1994.

More posts - Website

Follow me here –