Insufficient evidence for or against use of cognitive-behavioural therapy for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders

shutterstock_48486751 stomatologist shows x-ray

The aim of this review was to assess the contribution of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)  to the management of temporomandibular disorders (TMD).

The authors searched  the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial (CENTRAL), Pubmed and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Data for randomised and semi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs), comparing CBT with any control group receiving other dental treatments. Two authors independently retrieved, extracted and assessed the quality of included studies.

Five studies met the inclusion criteria, three RCTs and two semi-RCTs. Meta-analysis was not performed because of the apparent heterogeneity.

They found that the effect of CBT on patients with TMD was inconsistent among the studies, so no firm conclusion could be drawn.

They concluded

there is insufficient evidence either for or against the use of CBT over other intervention for the treatment of TMD.

Liu HX, Liang QJ, Xiao P, Jiao HX, Gao Y, Ahmetjiang A. The effectiveness of cognitive- behavioural therapy for temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review. J Oral Rehabil. 2011 Aug 9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2011.02239.x. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID:

Share on Facebook Tweet this on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on Google+
Mark as read
Create a personal elf note about this blog
Profile photo of Derek Richards

Derek Richards

Derek Richards is a specialist in dental public health, Director of the Centre for Evidence-Based Dentistry and Specialist Advisor to the Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme (SDCEP) Development Team. A former editor of the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal and chief blogger for the Dental Elf website until December 2023. Derek has been involved with a wide range of evidence-based initiatives both nationally and internationally since 1994. Derek retired from the NHS in 2019 remaining as a part-time senior lecturer at Dundee Dental School until the end of 2023.

More posts - Website

Follow me here –