The aim of this study was to assess whether an original motivational interview addressing the five dimensions of Leventhal’s self-regulation theory performed better than conventional basic instruction to improve compliance with plaque control among patients with periodontitis.
Participants were randomly allocated to either an experimental group (motivational interview in addition to standard treatment programme) or a control group (standard treatment programme). Plaque levels were assessed at baseline and at one month using the O’Leary Plaque Index and patient satisfaction with the dental visit was scored using a specific questionnaire.
They found that:-
- Patients in the experimental group had a higher oral hygiene improvement 1 month post-treatment (see table)
- The motivational interview resulted in greater satisfaction scores compared with those of patients in the control group: 10.55 ± 1.53 versus 8.82 ± 2.40, p = 0.014.
[table id=7 /]
The researchers concluded that
This new concept of motivational interview is a promising approach and can be useful for counselling-related periodontal disorders.
Godard A, Dufour T, Jeanne S. Application of self-regulation theory and motivational interview for improving oral hygiene: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Periodontol 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01782.x.