Women who have survived physical or sexual abuse may continue to experience post traumatic stress disorder and other mental health complaints well into later life, according to a new study published in the Journal of Women’s Health.
Researchers from Connecticut conducted this systematic review which involved finding what they call ’empirical studies’ from the last 30 years from a range of databases. Their aim was to find out more about the prevalence and psychological impact of interpersonal violence on older women.
Here’s what they found:
- Young and middle-aged women report higher lifetime and past year rates of physical and sexual assault, and associated negative psychologic consequences, than their older counterparts
- Older women who have experienced interpersonal violence report greater psychiatric distress, including post traumatic stress disorder, than older women who have not experienced such events
The reviewers concluded:
Some women who have been physically or sexually assaulted decades earlier in life continue to report significant levels of PTSD well into older adulthood. Gaps in the literature, including lack of information on ethnicity and culture, are presented, and future research directions are proposed.
Cook JM, Dinnen S, O’Donnell C. Older women survivors of physical and sexual violence: a systematic review of the quantitative literature. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011 Jul;20(7):1075-81. Epub 2011 Jun 13. [PubMed abstract]