Results: 44

For: oral cancer

Oral cancer detection: Limited evidence for use of chemiluminescence and autofluorescent imaging devices in primary care

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Early detection of oral cancer improves prognosis so methods to improve diagnosis are welcome. The review we look at today looks at two light-based systems: chemiluminescence or autofluorescence. 25 studies were included and they are well summarised but few were tested in primary care. Neither system provided much improvement on the level of sensitivity and specificity achieved by conventional oral examination. Therefore it is suggested that these tools are better suited to specialist clinics in which there is a higher prevalence of disease and where experienced clinicians may better discriminate between benign and malignant lesions.

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Oral examination to detect potentially malignant disorders and mouth cancer

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November is Mouth Cancer Awareness month here in the UK and around 6,500 cases are diagnosed a year. Mouth cancer is the 6th commonest cancer worldwide.  In India, Sir Lanka and Pakistan it is the most common cancer for men and is responsible for 30% of all new cancer cases. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, betel [read the full story…]

Oral cancer support needs are highly subjective and varied in severity across the cancer continuum

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Worldwide oral and oropharyngeal cancer is the 6th most common cancer. Treatment often affects the individuals’ ability to eat, speak and interact with others and so is associated with significant physical and psychological burdens.  This review aimed to describe the quality of life (QoL) outcomes and support needs in patients with oral cancer along the [read the full story…]

New Cochrane Protocols February 2013

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There are three new protocols on the February issue of the Cochrane Library The first protocol Carrasco-Labra A, Brignardello-Petersen R, Yanine N, Araya I, Rada G, Chadwick RG. Professionally-applied chemically-induced whitening of teeth in adults (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD010379. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010379.  aims to assess the effects of [read the full story…]

New Cochrane Protocols for December 2012

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December brings two new protocols to the Cochrane Library from the Cochrane Oral Health Group. The first of these:-  Liu JLY, Walsh T, Kerr AR, Lingen M, Brocklehurst P, Ogden G, Warnakulasuriya S, Scully C. Diagnostic tests for oral cancer and potentially malignant disorders in patients presenting with clinically evident lesions (Protocol). Cochrane Database of [read the full story…]

New Cochrane Protocols for Oct and Nov 2012

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October saw one new Cochrane protocol published on the Cochrane Library which slipped passed the Elf’s gaze. Cope A, Francis N, Wood F, Mann MK, Chestnutt IG. Systemic antibiotics for symptomatic apical periodontitis and acute apical abscess in adults (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD010136. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010136. The principal [read the full story…]

Weak evidence for honey in prevention of oral mucositis for cancer patients radiotherapy

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Oral mucositis is a common side effect of  the treatment of malignancy with chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Two Cochrane reviews (see below) have looked more broadly at interventions for  prevention and treatment of this unpleasant side effect of treatment.  The aim of this review was to assess the protective effect of honey in head and neck [read the full story…]

New Cochrane Protocols

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The November issue of the Cochrane Library sees  the publication a  number of new oral health related protocols. This indicates research in progress, of course, and we would not expect results to be published for some time.  However, people who are investigating these topic areas may like to know that a review is under way. [read the full story…]

Some evidence that early neck surgery reduces recurrence of the cancer

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There were more than 404,000 new cases of oral cancers worldwide in 2002.  Oral cancer is  the are the sixth most common cancer worldwide, accounting for an estimated 4% of all cancers. Incidence and mortality varies geographically.  Surgery plays an important part of the management of oral cavity cancer with regard to both the removal [read the full story…]

Updated systematic review on surgery for oral cancer

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The existing Cochrane systematic review on surgical treatment of oral and oropharyngeal cancers has been updated, with important changes to the conclusions. The reviewers concluded that  there was weak evidence to suggest that dissection of clinically negative neck nodes at the time of removal of the primary tumour reduced cancer recurrence.  However, there was insufficient [read the full story…]