Oral health advice for people with serious mental illness: lack of evidence about effectiveness

The research found that mindfulness helped more with the negative symptoms of schizophrenia

This Cochrane review update of oral health advice for patients with serious mental illness only included 3 RCTs. The identified studies were of low to moderate quality providing limited evidence to support decision making about the effectiveness of oral health advice for people with serious mental illness.

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Periodontal treatment and prevention in Down syndrome patients

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Only 9 small studies were identified for this review of the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease in patients with Down’s syndrome. More high quality studies are needed to help inform clinical practice

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Vitamin D status and caries associated?

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Data from a cohort of children (6-11 years old) participating in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) suggests an association between vitamin D status and dental caries. Children with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥75 nmol/L had a 39% lower odds of having experienced caries.

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Sense of Coherence and oral health behaviours

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Nine studies were identified for this review of the impact of sense of coherence (SOC) on oral health behaviours. The findings suggest that more favourable oral health behaviour are seen in those with a stronger SOC.

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Toothbrushing, plaque removal and gingivitis

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The aim of this review was to appraise and summarise systematic reviews of the efficacy and safety of available homecare toothbrush regimens for mechanical plaque removal on plaque and gingivitis in adults. Ten systematic reviews were included confirming that toothbrushing is effective in reducing levels of dental plaque.

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Toothbrushing: little data on association with gingival recession

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This review considered the association between toothbrushing and gingival recession and non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). 19 studies were included a majority (13) were cross-sectional and they provide limited data to support or refute the associations.

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Toothbrushing: review finds association between infrequent brushing and periodontitis

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One of the aims of regular daily toothbrushing is to remove plaque as it is an important risk factor for caries an periodontal diseases. This new review looks at the evidence related to frequency of brushing and periodontal disease. Only 14 observational studies were included and these suggest that irregular brushing is associated with more severe periodontal disease.

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How should I brush my teeth?

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Regular daily toothbrushing plays an important part in preventing periodontal disease and caries but is there consensus on how this should be carried out. The main aim of this study was to assess the methods of toothbrushing recommended for both adults and children by dental associations, toothpaste and toothbrush companies and professional dental sources such [read the full story…]

Teaching toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste – are we doing it well?

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Toothbrushing at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste is an effective way of reducing caries. This is confirmed by good systematic review evidence, so teaching patient effective toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste is a key preventive strategy.  The aim of this qualitative study was to explore oral health professionals (OHPs) perspectives regarding their strategies, considerations [read the full story…]