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Psychosis: what do informal caregivers need to manage their responsibilities?

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In her debut blog, Ailbhe Madigan summarises a qualitative study from Greece, which explores the needs of informal caregivers of people with psychosis.

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Tooth grinding in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders

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This review of the prevalence of tooth grinding and/or clenching in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders and other developmental anomalies included 77 studies from 2 countries. However a large proportion of the studies were at high risk of bias so the findings need to be interpreted with caution.

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Periodontal treatment and glycaemic control in people with diabetes mellitus

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This Cochrane review of the effects of periodontal treatment on glycaemic control in people with diabetes mellitus and periodontitis updates the 2015 version. The earlier conclusions have changed and there is now moderate‐certainty evidence that periodontal treatment using subgingival instrumentation improves glycaemic control in those with periodontitis and diabetes.

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CBT for eating disorders: which approach works best for whom?

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Alice Potter reviews a trial of CBT for eating disorders, which finds that motivational work may be important for patients with initially low motivation and resistance to therapy.

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The global burden of disease from mental disorders remains high

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Alejandro Arguelles Bullon summarises the latest Global Burden of Disease study (2019) looking at the prevalence, incidence and impact that mental disorders have on our lives, which shows no reduction in the burden over the last 30 years.

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Orthodontic force and dental pulp changes

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This review of the clinical and radiographic findings of orthodontic force application on the dental pulp included 26 studies. While increase in pulpal sensibility clinical response, an immediate decrease in pulpal blood flow, changes in pulp cavity volume, and an increase in the incidence of pulp stone formation the studies were mostly small and of low quality so the certainty of the available evidence is graded as very low.

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The links between social deprivation and mental health problems in immigrants and non-immigrants

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Rudo Dube writes about an Australian study of socially fragmented neighbourhoods and psychological distress among immigrants and non-immigrants in Australia.

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Traumatic dental injuries in primary teeth – prevalence of clinical and radiographic sequalae

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This review of the prevalence of clinical and radiographic sequelae following traumatic dental injuries to primary teeth included 25 cross-sectional studies. Crown discolouration followed by pulp necrosis with infection were the most common sequelae but the findings should be viewd with caution because the evidence is of very low certainty.

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Occlusal schemes for complete dentures

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This overview of reviews of the influence of occlusal schemes on the clinical performance of and patient satisfaction with complete dentures included 10 systematic reviews. While the findings suggest that occlusal schemes might interfere with the clinical performance the results should be carefully considered because of the low quality of the systematic reviews included.

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Photodynamic therapy for denture stomatitis

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This review of comparing photodynamic therapy (PDT) and antifungals or the treatment of denture stomatitis included 5 studies involving a total of 218 patients. While the findings suggest that PDT is effective none of the the studies was at low risk of bias and the treatment protocols investigated differ.

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