Results: 1212

For: meta-analysis

Do therapist factors have an impact on PTSD outcomes in children and adolescents?

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In his debut blog, Sam Thompson explores a paper that looks into the associations between therapist factors and treatment efficacy in randomised controlled trials of trauma‐focused CBT for children and youth with PTSD.

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Early and delayed dental implant loading

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This review of the outcomes of early and delayed loading of dental implants included 18 RCTs. The findings suggest that early and delayed loading protocols had similar clinical outcomes. However none of the included studies was at a low risk and 13 of the 18 studies were considered to be at high risk of bias. While the findings are similar to other reviews teh availabel evidence is of low to very low certainty.

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Apical Periodontitis – Is treatment with modern root canal instrumentation more effective?

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In this blog Thibault Colloc looks at a review of comparing the effectiveness of contemporary root canal instrumentation compared with conventional stainless-steel instruments in terms of clinical and patient-related outcomes. The review includes 9 studies (6 RCTs and 3 retrospective clinical studies) and was one of a series designed to inform guidelines for the European Society of Endodontics.

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Caries prevention in older adults

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This review of the effectiveness of professionally applied fluoride therapy in preventing and arresting dental caries in older adults aged 60 years or above included 7 studies. The findings suggest that 5% NaF varnish, 38% SDF solution, and 1.23% APF gel were effective in preventing root caries but the studies were varied in treatment protocols, intervention method and follow-up period so more research in needed.

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How common is root canal treatment?

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This review of prevalence of root filled teeth in the adult population worldwide included 76 observational studies. The findings suggest that 8.2% (95%CI; 7.3% to 9.1%) of teeth has been root filled and that 55.7% (95%CI; 49.6% to 61.8%) of people had at least one tooth root filled.

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Periodontal disease in pregnancy – How common is it?

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This review of the prevalence of periodontal disease among pregnant women included 20 studies. The findings suggest an overal prevalence of 40% (95%CI; 15 to 100%) based on 3 studies using the same assessment criteria.

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Glass ionomer restorations and caries prevention

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This review of the effectiveness of glass ionomer cement (GIC) restorations in preventing new caries in primary or permanent dentitions included 10 RCTs. The findings suggest that GIC restorations have a better preventive effect that other materials but the amount and quality of evidence is limited.

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Dental implant placement in patients on anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy

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The use of dental implants has steadily increased and in recent years the largest increase has been noted in patients aged between 65-74 years.  This age group are also likely to be on long-term prescription of antiplatelet and oral anticoagulants as prophylaxis against thromboembolic events. Dental implant placement as a surgical procedure presents a risk [read the full story…]

Radiotherapy and dental implant survival

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This review assessing the effect of radiotherapy on the survival of dental implants in patients with head and neck cancer included 7 studies involving a total of 441 patients. implant survival rate was lower in irradiated patients with odds ratio = 4.77 (95%CI; 2.57 to 8.89) based on 4 studies.

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A picture tells a thousand words: how promising is photovoice?

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In her debut blog, Rose McCabe examines a systematic review and meta-analysis looking at photovoice; a participatory photography and digital storytelling intervention that has been developed to promote positive social change.

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