Results: 912

For: meta-analysis

Sugar-free chewing gum – does it reduce caries?

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This review of the effect of sugar-free chewing gum(SFG) on dental caries included 12 studies 11 of which were RCTs. None of the included studies was at low risk of bias and ther findings suggest there is evidence to support the use of SFG in the control of dental caries in children.

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Alveolar ridge preservation: which grafting material?

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This review of grafting materials for alveolar ridge preservation included 38 small RCTs. 34 different materials were investigated with the findings suggesting that no grafting material increased new bone formation between 3 and 6 months after tooth extraction.

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Cancer screening disparities in people with mental illness

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Emily Peckham from the Closing The Gap Network writes her debut blog on a new systematic review, which finds that people with mental illnesses were less likely to receive screening for cancer compared to the general population.

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Cracked teeth: outcomes from endodontic treatment

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This review of outcomes following rooth canal treatment in cracked teeth included 4 small retrospective cohort studies which suggested an overall survival of 84.1% at 60 months.

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The never-ending story: the problematic relationship between youth anxiety and later alcohol use

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Francesca Bentivigna summarises a systematic review that explores the associations of child and adolescent anxiety with later alcohol use and disorders.

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Mandibular angle fractures: Does presence of third molars in fracture line affect postoperative complications?

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This review of whether the presence of the lower third molar in the mandibular angle fracture line is associated with postoperative complications included 34 studies. The quality of teh included studies was low to very low so the findings should be viewed cautiously.

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Periodontal surgery: Is a minimally invasive approach effective for infrabony defects?

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This review of minimally invasive periodontal surgery for the treatment of intra‐bony defects included 25 studies of which 10 were randomised controlled trials. There is limitied evidence comparing minimal and traditional approach but minimal invasive surgery may produce similar outcomes.

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Computerised local anaesthesia in paediatric patients

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This review ofwhether local computerised anaesthesia decreases the pain and disruptive behaviour in children when compared to conventional anaesthesia included 20 RCTs and suggested no diference between the two approaches.

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Dental implants: Long or short with bone augmentation in the posterior jaw?

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This review comparing outcomes between short (5-8 mm) and long implants (≥10 mm) with bone augmentation in the posterior jaw included 10 RCTs . The findings suggest no differences in outcomes at 1 year.

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White spot lesions: Topical fluoride for prevention during fixed orthodontic treatment

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This Cochrane review update evaluates whether topical fluoride reduces the proportion of orthodontic patients with new demineralised lesions (white spot lesions). In included 10 studies finding some low certainty evidence that some topical fluorides reduced white spot lesions.

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