Results: 704

For: meta-analysis

School-based mental health services: a good idea?

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Pooky Knightsmith writes her debut elf blog on a recent meta-analysis, which looks at the effectiveness of school-based mental health services for 5-10 year old children.

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Teething: signs and symptoms

Baby, bathwater, nuff said...

This review of the local or systemic signs and symptoms during the eruption of the primary teeth included 16 observational studies only 5 of which were at low risk of bias. The overall prevalence of signs and symptoms associated with primary tooth eruption in children between 0 and 36 months was 70.5% (95%CI; 54.1-84.6).

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Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block: improving anaesthetic success in patients with irreversible pulpitis

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This network meta-analysis of oral premedication to improve anaesthetic success of inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with irreversible pulpitis suggest that that oral premedication with dexamethasone, NSAIDs and Tramadol increases the success rate.

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First permanent molars: consequences of early loss

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This review of the the effects and sequela of early extraction of first permanent molars included 11 observational studies providing limited quality evidence of the consequences of early extraction. High quality prospective studies are needed.

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Chlorhexidine-fluoride mouthwash efficacy

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This review of the efficacy of a chlorhexidine mouthwash containing sodium fluoride compared to a chlorhexidine mouthwash alone includes 10 small short term studies that suggests the findings are similar for both preparations.

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Smartphone apps for depression: do they work?

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Michelle Eskinazi and Clara Belessiotis write their debut elf blog on a recent meta-analysis of smartphone‐based mental health interventions for depression, which concludes that there is a possibly promising role for apps in the prevention and treatment of sub-clinical, mild and moderate depressive symptoms.

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Orthodontic treatment for class II division I malocclusion

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27 RCTs were identified for this Cochrane review update early v late orthodontic treatment for class II div 1 malocclusion. The main advantage of early treatment was a reduction of incisal trauma.

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Candida albicans: higher prevalence in children with early childhood caries

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This review of a possible association between oral Candida albicans and early childhood caries (ECC) included 15 cross-sectional studies.The prevalence of C. albicans in children with ECC was found to be significantly higher than in caries-free children.

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Keratocysts: conservative treatment approaches?

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29 mainly retrospective studies were included in this review of conservative management approaches for odontogenic keratocysts. While the findings suggest use of decompression followed by enucleation data for recurrence were lower than those found in previous reviews of the topic. High quality prospective studies are needed.

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Antipsychotic effectiveness: the numbers don’t lie, check the scoreboard

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Students and Teachers from the King’s College London PNoMH Distance Learning MSc summarise a major new meta-analysis that brings together the last 60 years of placebo-controlled antipsychotic drug trials in acute schizophrenia.

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