Results: 16

For: prospective study

Psychodynamic programmes for personality disorders: residential versus community treatment

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Keir Harding explores a recent study of community-based, step-down, and residential specialist psychodynamic programmes for personality disorders, which includes some surprising findings.

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Cannabis use can lead to relapse in psychosis, partially because patients stop taking medication

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Thomas Richardson writes his debut blog about a recent prospective analysis of poor medication adherence and risk of relapse associated with continued cannabis use in patients with first-episode psychosis.

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Memory lane: the road to recovery in depression?

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Becci Strawbridge explores a prospective cohort study that looks at variation in the recall of socially rewarding information and depressive symptom severity.

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Composite resin restorations- which adhesive system?

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This study compared Class II nanohybrid resin composite restorations bonded with a one-step self-etch or a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive after 8 years, finding no difference between the two approaches.

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Avascular necrosis of the jaws (BRONJ): risk and incidence low in the UK

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This 2 year long prospective study of new cases of BRONJ presenting at oral surgery, oral medicine, oral and maxillofacial surgery units, and dental hospitals provides a rough estimate of 508–793 new cases/year across the UK.

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Maxillofacial trauma: assaults and falls the main causes in Europe

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This prospective year long multi-centre study involving 11European counties provides an interesting overview of the current demographics, causes and characteristics of maxillofacial fractures in these centers.

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Does depression make us lethargic, or does lack of exercise make us depressed?

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Helge Hasselmann highlights a new cohort study in JAMA Psychiatry, which finds a bidirectional relationship between physical activity and depressive symptoms; strengthening the case for exercise as a recommended intervention for people with mild depression.

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Mental disorders after critical illness: depression, PTSD and functional disability in survivors of intensive care

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The BRAIN-ICU prospective cohort study published in the Lancet Respiratory Medicine looks at mental health outcomes and functional disabilities in a general ICU population. It explores the hypothesis that depressive symptoms after discharge are more often somatic (i.e. bodily complaints) than cognitive-affective (i.e. thought-related and mood-related complaints).

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Study suggests that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks increases caries risk in adults

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There is a well-established association between sugar and dental caries which was reinforced in a recent systematic review by Moynihan and Kelly (Dental Elf 12th Dec 2013). S ugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) which have sucrose (table sugar), high-fructose corn syrup or fruit- juice concentrates, either as purchased or added after purchase have seen sales and consumption [read the full story…]

Study finds initial stages of fixed orthodontic treatment result in subjective pain experience and impact on oral health-related quality of life

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Pain is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment and it is particularly common in the first 24 hours following appliance placement. The aims of this prospective controlled longitudinal study were to assess subjective pain experience and oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) in patients over a 3-month period, following placement of their fixed appliances. [read the full story…]