Mouthwashes and toothpastes can improve oral malodour

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This review identified 12 trials of mouthwashes and toothpastes for oral malodour. Those products with active ingredients reduced oral malodour but the overall quality of the available evidence was weak.

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Gingivitis: anti-plaque agents may help

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This new review covers the board topic of the efficacy of anti-plaque chemical formulations for managing gingivitis. 87 heterogeneous studies found a statistically significant benefit with most test products.

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Mouthwashes and plaque control in orthodontic patients

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This review of mouthwash use in patients having fixed banded orthodontic treatment included 15 small studies and suggests that they reduce plaque levels. However the clinical relevance of the findings are uncertain and larger well conducted studies are needed.

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Chlorhexidine mouthwash better than chlorhexidine dentifrice or gel at inhibiting plaque but it leads to more tooth discolouration

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The role of chlorhexidine (CHX) in inhibiting plaque growth has been extensively studied. The aim of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of CHX-containing dentifrice (DF) or gel (CHX DF/gel) compared with CHX mouthwash (MW). Searches were conducted in Medline-PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Embase databases. Randomized controlled trials [read the full story…]

Small trial suggests limited short-term benefit from 0.1% pilocarpine mouthwash for xerostomia

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Xerostomia is a subjective sensation of dry mouth, this is a common symptom particularly in older adults and has a variety of causes. Pilocarpine is a cholinergic agonist that non-selectively binds to muscarinic receptors in smooth muscles in the gastrointestinal, urinary and pulmonary systems and stimulates the production of secretions from the salivary and sweat [read the full story…]

Trial suggests that post extraction use of warm saline mouth rinse reduces complications

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The use of warm salt water mouthrinses as part of a post extraction regimen is a commonly taught, yet as the authors of this trial found there seems to be little objective evidence for its effectiveness.  The aim of this study was to determine the beneficial effect of different warm saline rinse regimens on the [read the full story…]

Chlorhexidine reduces plaque and inflammation but causes staining – new ADA-EBD critical summary

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The latest ADA-EBD critical summary looks at a  2012 systematic review by Van Strydonck et al which looked at the effectiveness of Chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthrinse against plaque growth, gingival inflammation as well as the degree of staining.  We have blogged about this review earlier (Dental Elf – 21st Sept 2012) As this new  appraisal highlights, [read the full story…]

Review suggests good reductions in plaque levels and gingivitis with chlorhexidine mouthwash in addition to oral hygiene measures

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Chlorhexidine (CHX) has been used as a mouthwash for many years. The aim of this review was to assess, the effectiveness of Chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthrinse against plaque growth, gingival inflammation as well as the degree of staining. Three databases were searched Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Central), reference lists of [read the full story…]

0.2% chlorhexidine mouthrinse gave slightly better plaque reduction than 0.12% mouthrinse

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In 2010 Berchier et al  reviewed the efficacy of two different concentrations of  chlorhexidine mouthrinse ( 0.2 & 0.12% ).  A critical appraisal of this review is now available on the American Dental Associations Evidence-based Dentistry website. The commentator notes that a comprehensive search strategy was used although restricted to the English language. Eight studies [read the full story…]

Using a mouthwash may have a beneficial effect on bad breath

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Halitosis is an unpleasant odour that emanates from the oral cavity and can be serious enough to cause personal embarrassment.  The prevalence of halitosis (bad breath or oral malodour) has been reported to be in the order of 50% although this has been questioned. The majority of cases (86%) are considered to be as a [read the full story…]