Alveolar osteitis: Are warm saline mouthwashes effective for prevention?

Unequal measures

This review of the effectiveness of warm saltwater mouthwashes in preventing incidence of dry socket following tooth extraction included 8 RCTs. Only one of the included studies was considered to be at low risk of bias with the findings indicting that saltwater was more effective than no moutwash but less effective than chlorhexidine.

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Intracanal cryotherapy in root canal treatment

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This review of the effect of intracanal cryotherapy in reducing postoperative pain after instrumentation or obturation in root canal treatment included 8 RCTs. The findings suggest that suggests that intracanal cryotherapy in the form of cold saline irrigation as the final irrigant significantly reduces pain between 6 and 24 hours after root canal therapy.

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Oral hygiene for critically ill patients

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This Cochrane review updated assessing the impact of oral health measures on the incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in intensive care includes 40 RCTs and suggests that Chlorhexidine mouthwash or gel, as part of oral health measures, probably reduces the incidence of developing VAP.

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Avulsed teeth: Storage media used before replantation

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This review of the effectiveness of any technique available to laypeople for storing an avulsed tooth compared with storage in milk or saliva included 33 studies. Findings suggest that milk, Hank’s balanced salt solution, propolis, oral rehydration salts, rice water, and cling film extend periodontal ligament cell viability before replantation.

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Intra-articular injection for temporomandibular joint arthralgia: Methylprednisolone or saline?

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54 patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia were randomised to recieve either methylprednisolone or saline to reduce pain. Findings suggest no difference in TMJ pain

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Temporomandibular disorders: Are intra-articular injections with platelet-rich plasma effective?

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This review of the effectiveness of intra-articular platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections in temporomandibular disorders included only 6 low quality RCTs providing very weak evidence for a potential benefit from PRP injection.

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Irrigants for pulpectomy in primary teeth- little evidence available

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This review of irrigants for pulpectomy in primary teeth only identified 7 small RCTs providing little conclusive evidence. More high quality studies are needed.

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