Results: 157

For: young adult

Crown lengthening – Are outcomes stable?

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This review to assess if surgical crown lengthening produces stable clinical outcomes only identified 5 small trials all at high risk of bias

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Oral potentially malignant disorders – how common are they?

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This review of the prevalence of oral potentially malignant disorders included 22 observational studies providing a pooled estimate for prevalence of 4.47% (95% CI;2.43-7.08).

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Inhaling evidence about tobacco and psychosis

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Ian Hamilton explores a recent Finnish study of adolescent tobacco smoking and the risk of psychosis, which found that young people aged 15-16 who smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day were three times more likely to have psychosis by the time they reached age 30.

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Does self-harm in young people increase the risk of subsequent suicide?

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Pooky Knightsmith picks apart a recent Swedish cohort study, which found that all youths presenting to a clinical setting with self-harm were at an elevated future risk of suicide.

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Local anaesthetics for preventing pain during dental treatment

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123 RCTs were included in this Cochrane review of local anaesthetic agents for preventing pain during dental treatment. 14 types of local anaesthetic were included evidence to support the use of one over another was limited so further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness and safety of one local anaesthetic over another.

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Periodontal health: no additional benefit from 6 monthly Scale and Polish

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This large multicentre, cluster randomised controlled compared the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of theory-based, personalised oral hygiene advice or scale and polish’ with routine care in improving periodontal health in dentate adults attending general dental practice.

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Suicide risk following childhood interpersonal violence

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Katrina Witt considers the findings of a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies, which looks at exposure to interpersonal violence in childhood, and the impact that it may have on risk of suicide in young people.

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Regenerative endodontic treatment: Does apical diameter affect outcome?

By Drs. Ken Hargreaves and Obadah Austah, Dept of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio - Ken Hargreaves, CC BY 3.0 us, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30784169

This review of regenerative endodontic treatment included 14 small observational studies of limited quality suggesting a possible influence of apical diameter on clinical outcomes.

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Statins as an adjunct to periodontal treatment?

This well conducted Cochrane review found no evidence that statins

This review of the adjunctive effect of statins on mechanical periodontal therapy included 15 studies 12 of which were RCTs. The findings suggest a positive effect on probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and intrabony defects but the overall quality of evidence is considered to be low.

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Palatal implants for supplementing anchorage during orthodontic treatment

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27 studies were included in this review of the failure rates of palatal implants & mini-screws for supplementing anchorage during orthodontic treatment. Failure rates were low and similar for both implants & mini-screws.

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