Treatments for cavitated or dentine carious lesions

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This Cochrane review of interventions to treat carious lesions conventionally considered to require restorations in primary or permanent teeth with vital pulps included 27 RCTs. Compared with conventional treatment there were lower numbers of failures with the Hall technique and selective excavation (SE) in primary teeth and with SE and stepwise removal in permanent teeth.

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Ten Years of the Dental Elf

The Dental Elf

It is now 10 years since the very first Dental Elf Blog. Since then we have published 1626 blogs covering a wide range of topics so we present a brief overview of the categories covered.

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Rubber dam use and restoration survival

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This Cochrane review update of the effects of rubber dam isolation compared with other types of isolation for direct and indirect restorative treatments included 6 RCTs. The findings provide some low-certainty evidence that rubber dam may lead to fewer direct restoration failures compared with cotton roll use after six months.

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Orofacial trauma in wheeled non-motorsports

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This review of the prevalence of orofacial trauma in wheeled non-motor sports athletes included 5 cross-sectional studies involving 132,132 participants. Analyses showed the overall prevalence of orofacial trauma = 21.7% (95%CI; 8.7 to 34.7%) however the evidence was of very low certainty.

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Diabetes and dental implants

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This review of the possible association between diabetes mellitus and dental implant complications included 10 cohort studies (8 prospective 2 retrospective). The findings suggest that patients with diabetes are more likely to have clinical complications with dental implants.

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Denture adhesives: Are they effective?

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This review of the efficacy of denture adhesives (DAs) for complete dentures included 39 studies ( 23 RCTs and 16 CCTs). None of teh included studies were at low risk of bias with the findings suggesting that Denture adhesives can improve denture retention, bite force and masticatory performance of complete denture wearers.

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Dentures: Overnight storage and Candida Albicans colonisation

shutterstock_28911784 False teeth

This review of the effect of overnight storage conditions on complete denture colonization by Candida albicans included 6 small studies. The available evidence is limited and of low quality so well conducted and reported trials of appropriate size and required.

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Endodontic retreatment:Post-operative pain in single or multiple visits

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This review assessing the postoperative pain after non- surgical endodontic retreatment in a one visit compared to multiple visits included 4 RCTs. The availabe evidence suggests little difference between teh two approaches.

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Oral lichen planus as a risk factor for peri-implant disease

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In this blog Rajpal Tattar looks at a review and meta-analysis investigating the correlation between oral lichen planus and peri-implant disease. Only two small observational studies were included so the availabel evidence is very limited.

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Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART)- factors affecting success rate

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This review of the factors that affect the success rate of atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) restorations in children included 47 studies. THe findings suggest that the operator and and type of restoration are significant factors influencing the success.

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