Aggressiveness did not predict use of restraint in Dutch institution for people with learning disabilities


We have posted previously about the use of physical interventions in services supporting people with learning disabilities, drawing attention to the high levels of use in people described as having challenging behaviour. The researchers in this study in the Netherlands set out to look at the antecedent factors of restraint in people with learning disabilities [read the full story…]

Use of behaviour consultants reduced restrictive intervention in people learning disability and challenging behaviour


Behaviour support plans to guide the way supporters respond and react to people with learning disabilities who are described as having behaviour that challenges are fundamental to the quality of support they receive. The authors of this Australian study were interested in looking at the quality of the plans and their effectiveness in providing support. [read the full story…]

Restraint interventions widely used in children with learning disabilities despite absence of evidence based guidance

autism children holding hands

The term ‘physical interventions’ refers to ‘any method of responding to challenging behaviour which involves some degree of direct physical force to limit or restrict movement or mobility’ The authors of this literature review set out to look at the current evidence on the use of restraint as an intervention in managing challenging behaviours in [read the full story…]

Choosing staff members reduced time in mechanical restraint in self injury case study


Community based studies have suggested that self injury in people with learning disabilities occurs in approximately 3% of adults living in community settings, show self-injury, often as a chronic condition for those with severe self injury. For some individuals, protective devices have been used, including padding, helmets, gloves and arm splints. In this case study, [read the full story…]

Australian study finds routine use of restraint on people with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour

shutterstock_14565259 man holding hand up stop

This Australian study set out to look at the use of restraints and seclusion as responses to people with learning disabilities with behaviour described as challenging. The authors point out that the prevalence rate of such restrictive practices is difficult to agree as previous studies have not used population-level data. They used data on the [read the full story…]

Small number of individuals account for the majority of uses of physical restraint in USA study

shutterstock_14565259 man holding hand up stop

This American study set out to look at the use of physical restraint in services for people with learning disabilities. The researchers looked at data on the incidence and implementation of physical restraint for 448 adults with learning disabilities in community-based day services and shared supported housing. They found that physical restraint was used exclusively [read the full story…]

Physical restraints used for nearly 20% of adults in sample of Swedish group homes


Physical restraints were found to be in use for nearly 20% of more than 500 adults living in group homes in Sweden in the week preceding the study. 99.2% of these had been subjected to more than one type of restraint. The authors concluded physical restraints are frequently used in Sweden and that physical impairments [read the full story…]