Tooth Mousse® for caries prevention – little evidence available

shutterstock_34500700 - caries sign

This review of Tooth Mousse® (casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate) for caries prevention only identified 12 studies (8 RCTs). Many were of short duration and exhibited a great deal of heterogeneity; while there is some suggestion of benefit, the quality of the evidence is very low.

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What is the sociodemographic recipe for happiness?


Mark Horowitz summarises a recent study that investigates the impact that socio-economic gradients have on mental well-being. He finds to his surprise that the relationship between socio-economic characteristics and low mental well-being is not the inverse of the relationship with high mental well-being.

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The Goldies: a community-based singing programme for successful ageing


In her debut blog, Jane Greenstock considers research on how community arts programmes such as singing clubs may contribute to prevention for older people.

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Water fluoridation effective at reducing caries


This Cochrane review identified 155 studies with 107 contributing to the quantitative analysis. There was a 35% reduction in dmft and a 26% reduction in DMFT. There was an approximately 15% increase in the percentage of caries-free children after water fluoridation. At a fluoride level of 0.7 ppm, the percentage of participants with fluorosis of aesthetic concern was approximately 12%.

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Psychotherapy can reduce the risk of relapse or recurrence of depression


Raluca Lucacel summarises a meta-analysis of psychological interventions in preventing recurrence of depression, which includes trials on cognitive behavioural therapy, interpersonal therapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy.

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Pointing the FINGER at a multi-component intervention to prevent cognitive decline and dementia


Caroline Struthers critically appraises a recent RCT of diet, exercise, cognitive training and vascular risk monitoring to prevent cognitive decline and dementia in at-risk Finnish women.

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Can family-based interventions prevent young people from starting to smoke?


Sally Adams summarises a recent Cochrane systematic review on family-based interventions for preventing smoking by children and adolescents, which shows the evidence is strongest for high intensity, family-based interventions that are independent of school-based programmes.

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How can commissioners improve the mental health and wellbeing of children and young people?


Alison Turner summarises the Department of Health’s Future in Mind report, which builds on the work of the Children & Young People’s Mental Health Taskforce and sets out a vision for increased coordination and collaboration to improve mental health and wellbeing in children and young people.

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Social determinants of mental health: how our societies are making us mentally unwell and what we can do about it


Mark Horowitz summarises the new WHO and UCL Institute of Health Equity (Michael Marmot) report and research paper on social determinants of mental health. He concludes that it’s time to focus on the root causes of mental distress, namely poverty, unemployment, poor education and social isolation.

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