Medication for self-harm: new Cochrane review finds very limited evidence to support its use

shutterstock_175981028

Dochka Hristova reports on a new Cochrane review of pharmacological interventions for self-harm in adults, which looks at the treatment effect on repetition of self-harm of antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilisers and dietary supplements.

[read the full story...]

Does tobacco use cause psychosis?

Cigarettes

Marcus Munafo appraises a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective, case-control and cross-sectional studies, which finds that daily tobacco use is associated with an increased risk of psychosis and an earlier age at onset of psychotic illness.

[read the full story...]

Joining the dots: mental and physical health

dot pic

Lia Ali and colleagues from the IMPARTS project present the findings of their group discussions about a recent review of mortality in mental disorders. Along the way she discusses the staff training they carried out and the tweet chat they ran to consider the implications of this research, both to individuals and on the global burden of disease.

[read the full story...]

Crisis of faith? Instead of CBT, we should be worrying about meta-analyses

shutterstock_142817266

Ioana Cristea appraises a recent meta-analysis, which examines whether the treatment effects of CBT have decreased over time. She finds a study with such significant limitations, that her blog ends up questioning the objectivity and reliability of meta-analyses.

[read the full story...]

The antipsychotic drugs don’t work for anorexia nervosa

Refusing pills

Helen Bould appraises a recent meta-analysis of second-generation antipsychotics for anorexia nervosa, which finds that the drugs don’t lead to weight gain or improve eating disorder symptoms. So why are antipsychotics being used in this group of patients?

[read the full story...]

Does cCBT hold promise for the treatment of depression and anxiety in youth?

Teenage boy using laptop

Andres Fonseca appraises and summarises two recent meta-analyses of computerised therapies (including cCBT) for anxiety and depression in children and young people.

[read the full story...]

How much impact can optimism and positivity have on clinical outcomes in cardiovascular disease?

shutterstock_136834721

Jake Crawshaw summarises a systematic review which investigates the relationships between positive psychological constructs and health outcomes in cardiovascular disease.

[read the full story...]

Smoking is associated with an increased risk of dementia

shutterstock_162786857

Caroline Struthers reports on a recent meta-analysis, which finds that smoking is associated with an increased risk of dementia. The review finds that quitting smoking reduces the risk to the same level as those who have never smoked.

[read the full story...]

CBT for school refusal

shutterstock_220096615

Lucy Willetts publishes her debut blog on a Campbell systematic review, which focuses on psychosocial interventions for school refusal with primary and secondary school students.

[read the full story...]

Quetiapine for schizophrenia: more transparency needed in clinical trial reporting

shutterstock_122223547

Andrew Shepherd reports on a recent systematic review, meta-analysis and reappraisal of Quetiapine for schizophrenia, which concludes that Quetiapine IR has a small beneficial effect on psychotic symptoms, but also leads to weight gain and sedation.

[read the full story...]