Fixed functional appliances for class II malocclusions


This review of fixed functional appliances for treatment of class II malocclusion included 9 studies, only one of which was a RCT. The findings suggest that fixed functional appliances are effective at producing short term improvements in class II malocclusions but should be interpreted with caution because of the quality of the available evidence.

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Functional orthodontic appliances: effective in short-term suggests review


This review of functional orthodontic appliances included 10 CCTs and 7 RCTs and found they produced short-term improvements in class II malocclusion. This needs to be considered with a recent Cochrane review of early treatment for children with class II malocclusion that found that it was more effective in reducing the incidence of incisal trauma than providing one course of orthodontic treatment in early adolescence.

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Fixed functional appliances for treatment of skeletal class II malocclusion


This review of fixed functional appliances for the treatment of class II malocclusions could only find 11 small studies with methodological problems to assess the effectiveness of this approach. Some benefit was noted but larger higher quality studies are needed.

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Early orthodontic treatment may reduce incisal trauma in children with class II malocclusions


This is the latest update of a Cochrane review looking at the treatment of class II malocclusion.  This is a common problem affecting about one in four of 12 year-olds in the UK.    The aim of the review was to assess the effects of orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth (Class II malocclusion) when [read the full story…]

Is treatment of class II malocclusion with class II elastics effective?

iStock_000002551343XSmall colourful braces on teeth

The class II malocclusion is a common problem that people attend for orthodontic treatment. The main aim of this review was to assess whether Class II elastics are effective in correcting Class II malocclusions PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Medline, and Cochrane databases, were searched. This was complemented by a hand search, with no [read the full story…]

No evidence to recommend or discourage any type of orthodontic treatment to correct Class II division 2 malocclusion in children

shutterstock_59108206- orthodontic headgear

One of important differences about Cochrane reviews is their commitment of their authors to regularly review and update the content of their reviews.  This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2006.  The aim of the review being to establish whether orthodontic treatment, carried out without the removal of permanent teeth, in children [read the full story…]