Results: 467

For: meta-analysis

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy can prevent recurrent depression

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Sarah McDonald reports on a meta-analysis published yesterday, which found that when compared with active treatment, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy resulted in a reduced risk of depressive relapse.

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Ferrule effect improved outcomes in endodontically treated teeth?

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The majority of the included studies in this review of the ferrule effect in-vitro studies ( 32 out of 37) and while they indicate greater longevity in teeth with ferrules further information is needed from clinical studies.

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Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain following cleft lip repair in children

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This Cochrane review of Infraorbital nerve block for postoperative pain after cleft lip repair includes 8 trials providing low to very low quality evidence that infraorbital nerve block with lignocaine or bupivacaine may reduce postoperative pain more than placebo

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Lingual fixed orthodontic appliances: insufficient evidence of effectiveness

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11 studies were identified for this review of lingual fixed orthodontic appliances. while some benefits were suggested the quality of the available studies was very low providing insufficient evidence of the effectiveness of lingual appliances.

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Probiotics – insufficient evidence supporting use to manage caries or periodontal disease

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This review of probiotics use for caries and periodontal disease management identified 50 studies. Most focused on surrogate outcomes (bacterial counts) and the overall quality of the evidence supporting probiotic therapy was graded as very low for all outcomes.

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Narrow dental implants – good survival at 2 years suggests review

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This review of narrow titanium–zirconium alloy (Ti–Zr) implants included 9 studies ( 2 RCTs) which suggest good survival rates (>95%) after 2 years.

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Smoking cessation interventions for head and neck cancer patients

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This review of smoking cessation for patients with head and neck cancer included 8 studies ( 3 RCTs) and suggests that those receiving counseling had a 26% higher quit rate than with controls

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Low-level laser as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment-evidence limited

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This review of low-level laser therapy as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment only identified 7 small high risk studies. While results suggest short term improvements there should be viewed with caution.

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Resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses

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5 studies at high risk of bias were included in this review of the impact of framework design on the clinical performance of resin bonded fixed dental prosthesis. While lower failures were seen with cantilever designs the results should be interpreted cautiously.

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Periapical surgery – improved outcomes with regenerative techniques?

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Eight small studies were identified for this review of the use of regenerative techniques as an adjunct to periapical surgery. The findings suggest that they improve outcomes after 1 year, but they should be interpreted with caution.

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