Results: 310

For: meta-analysis

Community-based oral health promotion interventions

The review found that adding family-based interventions to school-based interventions may reduce the onset of smoking by 4-25%.

This Cochrane review of community-based oral health promotion interventions included 38 studies and suggests that interventions combining oral health education with supervised toothbrushing or professional preventive oral care can reduce dental caries in children.

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Fitness to practice: exercise for depression in adolescents

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Dave Steele warms up for the winter triathlon season by reading a new systematic review on the effect of exercise on depressive symptoms in adolescents.

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Antidepressants and psychotherapy for OCD in adults: network meta-analysis

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Alan Underwood summarises a recent network meta-analysis of medication and talking treatments for OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) in adults.

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Silver Diamine Fluoride can arrest caries in children

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This review of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) to arrest caries included 19 studies and suggest that 38% SDF can arrest 81% ( 68-89%) of active caries. . However none of the available studies was at low risk of bias so the findings should be interpreted cautiously.

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Maternal anxiety disorders in the postnatal period: what do we know?

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Janes Iles and Annette Eneberi summarise a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of current research evidence on anxiety disorders and their prevalence amongst postpartum women.

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Tooth whitening: Tray-delivered gels showed a slightly better whitening efficacy

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This review of tooth whitening included 13 randomised studies and suggests that tray-delivered carbamide peroxide gel provided better whitening efficacy than HP-based products. However the available evidence is very heterogeneous and short term.

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Do analgesics before dental treatment reduce post treatment pain in children?

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This Cochrane review found 5 RCTs of pre-op analgesics prior to dental treatment for children under local anaesthetic. The evidence as insufficient to determine a benefit but there may be a benefit prior to orthodontic band placement. Further high quality studies are needed.

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Anterior open bite might be corrected with crib therapy

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This review of the use of habit-interception appliances to improve anterior open bite (AOB) included 11 controlled studies only 2 of which were randomised. The limited available evidence suggests that crib therapy could be considered as an effective treatment for the correction of AOB in growing patients.

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Psychotherapy for depression: enhancing positive and reducing negative affect?

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Carla McEnery publishes her debut Mental Elf blog on a recent systematic review, which looks at the effect of psychotherapies on positive affect and negative affect in depression.

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Fluoride mouthrinse: regular supervised use reduces tooth decay in children

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This Cochrane review includes 37 RCTs and found regular supervised use of fluoride mouthrinse by children and adolescents is associated with a large reduction in caries increment in permanent teeth.

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