Results: 369

For: meta-analysis

Supervised injectable heroin for refractory heroin addiction

Injection

Eleanor Kennedy considers a new systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs of diamorphine-prescribing as treatment for refractory heroin addiction.

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Articaine better than lidocaine for supplementary infiltration after mandibular block anaesthesia

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10 studies involving 746 adult patients were included in this review comparing articaine and lidocaine in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Articaine was as effective as lidocaine and provided better supplementary infiltration after mandibular block but no other advantages.

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SMS texting to quit smoking: a meta-analysis of text messaging interventions for smoking cessation

Text message

Olivia Maynard reviews a new meta-analysis of SMS text messaging for smoking cessation and reveals that this intervention is not as effective as other methods of helping people quit smoking.

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Could partner factors reduce the risk of maternal depression and anxiety in the perinatal period?

Couple sitting on park bench

Paul Ramchandani and Ellen Grimas report on the findings of a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of modifiable partner factors associated with perinatal depression and anxiety.

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The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on quality-of-life

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Tracey Howe considers a systematic review examining the impact of rheumatoid arthritis on Health Related Quality of Life, measured through the SF-36.

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Fixed functional appliances for class II malocclusions

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This review of fixed functional appliances for treatment of class II malocclusion included 9 studies, only one of which was a RCT. The findings suggest that fixed functional appliances are effective at producing short term improvements in class II malocclusions but should be interpreted with caution because of the quality of the available evidence.

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Traumatic dental injury associated with overweight/obese children?

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This review of observations studies of traumatic dental injury includes 17 studies and found a higher risk of injury in overweight/obese children. Odds ratio = 1.30 (95% CI, 1.11–1.53; P < 0.05).

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Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic low back pain – does it work?

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Nicky Butler considers looks at a recent systematic review on the effectiveness of multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic low back pain.

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Motivational interviewing for paediatric oral health

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The review of motivational interviewing (MI) to improve parent-child health interventions included 25 studies in all with 4 dental studies. The dental studies demonstrated a positive effect on oral health and were suggestive of a benefit on dental caries.

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Tooth whitening at home–strips or gel?

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This review compared tooth whitening strips against 10% carbamide peroxide gel. Only 9 low quality studies were available and while meta-analysis found no difference between the interventions, the authors did not consider that strips were a substitute for gel.

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