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Why does area deprivation affect people with learning disabilities and mental ill-health more than people without learning disabilities?

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Mental health problems are common in the population of people with learning disabilities. Previous research has also found a strong association between social deprivation and mental health problems.

Here, Leen Vereenooghe looks at a study, which sets out to look at what impact living in deprived areas might have on people with learning disabilities accessing community psychiatric services.

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What is the sociodemographic recipe for happiness?

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Mark Horowitz summarises a recent study that investigates the impact that socio-economic gradients have on mental well-being. He finds to his surprise that the relationship between socio-economic characteristics and low mental well-being is not the inverse of the relationship with high mental well-being.

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Is small really beautiful for delivering social care and support?

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Jenny Fisher discusses a study on social care provision by micro-enterprises and discovers that small may well be beautiful for delivering care and support.

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Weak evidence for an effect of chlorhexidine varnish on mutans streptococci in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances

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11 studies were included in this review of chlorhexidine varnish to reduce mutans streptococcus in patients having a fixed orthodontic treatment. A majority of the studies demonstrated a positive effect but the quality of the evidence was weak.

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Readmission to hospital for people with learning disabilities. A study in one acute hospital in England

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We know that people with learning disabilities have poorer health than those without learning disabilities and may also receive poorer quality healthcare. Emergency or unplanned readmissions may be one indicator of the quality of care.

Here, Pauline Heslop considers a study which looked at such readmissions for people with learning disabilities and those without to see how they compared and how far such readmissions may have been preventable.

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Faith based CBT for depression and anxiety: review highlights a lack of good quality evidence

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Alan Underwood considers a new systematic review and meta analysis, which highlights the lack of evidence for faith based CBT in treating people with depression or anxiety disorders.

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Sense of Coherence and oral health behaviours

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Nine studies were identified for this review of the impact of sense of coherence (SOC) on oral health behaviours. The findings suggest that more favourable oral health behaviour are seen in those with a stronger SOC.

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Aggressive periodontitis: is photodynamic therapy beneficial?

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This review looked at the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy as an adjunctive treatment to scaling and root polishing for aggressive periodontitis. Seven small studies suggest that it may be beneficial in the short term.

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Study finds better oral hygiene improved oral lichen planus

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This small randomised trial found improvements in quality of life for patients with oral lichen planus at both 4 weeks and 20 weeks following implementation of a structured oral hygiene instruction.

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